Chaos of Yang-Mills field in class A Bianchi spacetimes

Yoshida Jin*, Kei Ichi Maeda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Studying the Yang-Mills field and the gravitational field in class A Bianchi spacetimes, we find that chaotic behavior appears in the late phase (the asymptotic future). In this phase, the Yang-Mills field behaves as that in Minkowski spacetime, in which we can understand it by a potential picture, except for types VIII and IX. At the same time, in the initial phase (near the initial singularity), we numerically find that the behavior seems to approach the Kasner solution. However, we show that the Kasner circle is unstable and the Kasner solution is not an attractor. From an analysis of stability and numerical simulation, we find a Mixmaster-like behavior in Bianchi I spacetime. Although this result may provide a counterexample to the Belinskii, Khalatnikov, and Lifshitz (BKL) conjecture, we show that the BKL conjecture is still valid in Bianchi IX spacetime. We also analyze a multiplicative effect of two types of chaos, that is, chaos with the Yang-Mills field and that in vacuum Bianchi IX spacetime. Two types of chaos seem to coexist in the initial phase. However, the effect due to the Yang-Mills field is much smaller than that of the curvature term.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064007
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 15
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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