Chaotic itinerancy within the coupled dynamics between a physical body and neural oscillator networks

Jihoon Park, Hiroki Mori, Yuji Okuyama, Minoru Asada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chaotic itinerancy is a phenomenon in which the state of a nonlinear dynamical system spontaneously explores and attracts certain states in a state space. From this perspective, the diverse behavior of animals and its spontaneous transitions lead to a complex coupled dynamical system, including a physical body and a brain. Herein, a series of simulations using different types of non-linear oscillator networks (i.e., regular, small-world, scale-free, random) with a musculoskeletal model (i.e., a snake-like robot) as a physical body are conducted to understand how the chaotic itinerancy of bodily behavior emerges from the coupled dynamics between the body and the brain. A behavior analysis (behavior clustering) and network analysis for the classified behavior are then applied. The former consists of feature vector extraction from the motions and classification of the movement patterns that emerged from the coupled dynamics. The network structures behind the classified movement patterns are revealed by estimating the “information networks” different from the given non-linear oscillator networks based on the transfer entropy which finds the information flow among neurons. The experimental results show that: (1) the number of movement patterns and their duration depend on the sensor ratio to control the balance of strength between the body and the brain dynamics and on the type of the given non-linear oscillator networks; and (2) two kinds of information networks are found behind two kinds movement patterns with different durations by utilizing the complex network measures, clustering coefficient and the shortest path length with a negative and a positive relationship with the duration periods of movement patterns. The current results seem promising for a future extension of the method to a more complicated body and environment. Several requirements are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0182518
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

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Brain
information networks
Information Services
brain
duration
Cluster Analysis
Nonlinear dynamical systems
Complex networks
Electric network analysis
Animal Behavior
Neurons
Snakes
robots
Dynamical systems
Animals
Entropy
entropy
strength (mechanics)
animal behavior
Robots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Chaotic itinerancy within the coupled dynamics between a physical body and neural oscillator networks. / Park, Jihoon; Mori, Hiroki; Okuyama, Yuji; Asada, Minoru.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 8, e0182518, 01.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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