Aims: Denitrification efficiency at 10% salinity was compared with that at 2% salinity. The characteristics of bacterial strains isolated from the denitrification system, where an improvement of denitrification efficiency was observed at a high salinity were investigated. Methods and Results: Two continuous feeding denitrification systems for saline solutions of 2% and 10% salinity, were operated. Denitrification efficiency at 10% salinity was higher than that at 2% salinity. The bacterial strains were isolated using the trypticase soy agar (TSA) medium at 30°C. The phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences of isolates indicated that halophilic species were predominant at 10% salinity. Conclusions: The improvement of denitrification efficiency at a high salinity was demonstrated. The strains isolated from the denitrifying system with 10% salinity were halophilic bacteria, Halomonas sp. and Marinobacter sp., suggesting that these bacteria show a high denitrifying activity at 10% salinity. Significance and Impact of the Study: The long-term acclimated sludge used in this study resulted in high denitrification performance at a high salinity, indicating that the design of a high-performance denitrification system for saline wastewater will be possible.
- Halophilic denitrifying bacteria
- Improvement of denitrification efficiency
- Wastewater treatment system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology