Characteristics of body composition and cardiometabolic risk of Japanese male heavyweight Judo athletes

Hiroko Murata, Satomi Oshima, Suguru Torii, Motoko Taguchi, Mitsuru Higuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of body composition and cardiometabolic risk of Japanese male heavyweight Judo athletes compared with heavyweight athletes of other sports.

METHODS: Nineteen heavyweight Judo athletes (mean age, 20.4 ± 1.1 years), as well as 22 heavyweight (mean age, 21.5 ± 0.9 years) and 17 nonheavyweight (mean age, 21.1 ± 0.8 years) American football and Rugby football athletes in Japan participated in this study. Body composition was assessed by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging. Cardiometabolic risk was evaluated by measuring blood biochemical variables.

RESULTS: Heavyweight Judo athletes had significantly heavier body mass (122.7 ± 13.1 kg vs. 99.0 ± 8.1 kg), higher body fat percentage (27.5 % ± 5.2% vs. 19.4% ± 4.7%), and larger visceral fat cross-sectional area (118 ± 35 cm(2) vs. 67 ± 24 cm(2)) (P < 0.01) compared with heavyweight football players. Although the cardiometabolic risk was higher in heavyweight athletes compared to nonheavyweight athletes, there were no significant differences between heavyweight Judo and heavyweight Football athletes in the blood biochemical variables, except for high concentration of uric acid in heavyweight Judo athletes.

CONCLUSIONS: Even though heavyweight Judo athletes had more excess fat mass, especially VF mass, their cardiometabolic risk in terms of blood biochemical parameters was not significantly higher compared with heavyweight athletes of other sports. Therefore, excessive fat accumulation may not necessarily increase cardiometabolic risk for heavyweight Judo athletes.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registration (UMIN-CTR) UMIN000020564.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Physiological Anthropology
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 6

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Martial Arts
athlete
Body Composition
Athletes
Oils and fats
Chemical analysis
Football
Blood
Sports
Magnetic resonance
Imaging techniques
X rays
Fats
Acids
Information Services
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Photon Absorptiometry
Uric Acid
Adipose Tissue

Keywords

  • Metabolically healthy obese
  • Obesity
  • Uric acid
  • Visceral fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Anthropology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Characteristics of body composition and cardiometabolic risk of Japanese male heavyweight Judo athletes. / Murata, Hiroko; Oshima, Satomi; Torii, Suguru; Taguchi, Motoko; Higuchi, Mitsuru.

In: Journal of Physiological Anthropology, Vol. 35, 06.04.2016, p. 10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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