Characteristics of melting point depression in a melt system of disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate

Yasuyuki Watanabe, Izumi Hirasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Technology employing melting point depression can be useful for extending the applicable temperature range of a latent heat storage material. In this study, the melting points T m and latent heats of fusion ΔH f were measured in systems of disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate (with measured values of T m,0 =308.5 K and ΔH f,0 =227 kJ/kg), which is especially utilized as a medical heat-retention material, with five additives that are readily soluble in the dodecahydrate melt: tripotassium phosphate, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, and sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate. By using the simplified empirical formula proposed previously expressing the relation between additive concentration and the degree of melting point depression (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2017) or the degree of latent heat decrease (Watanabe, 2017), the abilities of each additive to depress melting point and decrease latent heat were numerically expressed. These values differed from one additive to another and appeared to be specific to each. However, the numerical relation expressed in the equation below was found to hold almost invariably regardless of the additive(forumala Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-378
Number of pages7
Journalkagaku kogaku ronbunshu
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 20

Keywords

  • Additives
  • Disodium Hydrogen Phosphate Dodecahydrate
  • Empirical Formula
  • Latent Heat Storage Material
  • Melting Point Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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