Characteristics of the common land in Saruba, Biratori Town, Hokkaido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the author attemped to clarify the social characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido by using the empirical data of ownership and utilization of common lands, which are important as the material basis of rural communities in Japan. The area selected for study was the settlement of Saruba in Biratori Town, Hokkaido, where common land (Saruba-kyodoyama) has been used effectively. As a result of investigation, it has been clarified that Saruba-kyodoyama has the same fundamental characteristics as common lands in Japanese traditional communities, such as formal equality of right in the community. However, there are some important differences. In case of traditional communities in Japan, the ownership of common land has been recognized as a certification of membership in the community. On the other hand, ownership is recognized only economically as money in Saruba-kyodoyama. Frequent movements of ownership shares in Saruba-kyodoyama resulted from those features of common land in Hokkaido. Differences in the ownership and utilization of common land in Hokkaido as compared to traditional communities in Japan illustrate the differences in social characteristics between rural communities in Hokkaido and those in the rest of Japan. Therefore the author considers that analyses of characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido with the common lands used as indices has achieved a specific effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-370
Number of pages27
JournalGeographical Review of Japan
Volume75
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

common land
town
ownership
rural community
Japan
social characteristics
community
equality of rights
utilization
certification
money

Keywords

  • Common land
  • Hokkaido
  • Immigration
  • Rural community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Characteristics of the common land in Saruba, Biratori Town, Hokkaido. / Ike, Shunsuke.

In: Geographical Review of Japan, Vol. 75, No. 1, 2002, p. 344-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ea9a8fe1d4e04431a47a999b6d57c0e5,
title = "Characteristics of the common land in Saruba, Biratori Town, Hokkaido",
abstract = "In this paper, the author attemped to clarify the social characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido by using the empirical data of ownership and utilization of common lands, which are important as the material basis of rural communities in Japan. The area selected for study was the settlement of Saruba in Biratori Town, Hokkaido, where common land (Saruba-kyodoyama) has been used effectively. As a result of investigation, it has been clarified that Saruba-kyodoyama has the same fundamental characteristics as common lands in Japanese traditional communities, such as formal equality of right in the community. However, there are some important differences. In case of traditional communities in Japan, the ownership of common land has been recognized as a certification of membership in the community. On the other hand, ownership is recognized only economically as money in Saruba-kyodoyama. Frequent movements of ownership shares in Saruba-kyodoyama resulted from those features of common land in Hokkaido. Differences in the ownership and utilization of common land in Hokkaido as compared to traditional communities in Japan illustrate the differences in social characteristics between rural communities in Hokkaido and those in the rest of Japan. Therefore the author considers that analyses of characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido with the common lands used as indices has achieved a specific effectiveness.",
keywords = "Common land, Hokkaido, Immigration, Rural community",
author = "Shunsuke Ike",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "344--370",
journal = "Chirigaku Hyoron/Geographical Review of Japan",
issn = "0289-6001",
publisher = "Association of Japanese Geographers",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics of the common land in Saruba, Biratori Town, Hokkaido

AU - Ike, Shunsuke

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - In this paper, the author attemped to clarify the social characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido by using the empirical data of ownership and utilization of common lands, which are important as the material basis of rural communities in Japan. The area selected for study was the settlement of Saruba in Biratori Town, Hokkaido, where common land (Saruba-kyodoyama) has been used effectively. As a result of investigation, it has been clarified that Saruba-kyodoyama has the same fundamental characteristics as common lands in Japanese traditional communities, such as formal equality of right in the community. However, there are some important differences. In case of traditional communities in Japan, the ownership of common land has been recognized as a certification of membership in the community. On the other hand, ownership is recognized only economically as money in Saruba-kyodoyama. Frequent movements of ownership shares in Saruba-kyodoyama resulted from those features of common land in Hokkaido. Differences in the ownership and utilization of common land in Hokkaido as compared to traditional communities in Japan illustrate the differences in social characteristics between rural communities in Hokkaido and those in the rest of Japan. Therefore the author considers that analyses of characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido with the common lands used as indices has achieved a specific effectiveness.

AB - In this paper, the author attemped to clarify the social characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido by using the empirical data of ownership and utilization of common lands, which are important as the material basis of rural communities in Japan. The area selected for study was the settlement of Saruba in Biratori Town, Hokkaido, where common land (Saruba-kyodoyama) has been used effectively. As a result of investigation, it has been clarified that Saruba-kyodoyama has the same fundamental characteristics as common lands in Japanese traditional communities, such as formal equality of right in the community. However, there are some important differences. In case of traditional communities in Japan, the ownership of common land has been recognized as a certification of membership in the community. On the other hand, ownership is recognized only economically as money in Saruba-kyodoyama. Frequent movements of ownership shares in Saruba-kyodoyama resulted from those features of common land in Hokkaido. Differences in the ownership and utilization of common land in Hokkaido as compared to traditional communities in Japan illustrate the differences in social characteristics between rural communities in Hokkaido and those in the rest of Japan. Therefore the author considers that analyses of characteristics of rural communities in Hokkaido with the common lands used as indices has achieved a specific effectiveness.

KW - Common land

KW - Hokkaido

KW - Immigration

KW - Rural community

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14244271600&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=14244271600&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:14244271600

VL - 75

SP - 344

EP - 370

JO - Chirigaku Hyoron/Geographical Review of Japan

JF - Chirigaku Hyoron/Geographical Review of Japan

SN - 0289-6001

IS - 1

ER -