Characteristics of the copolymerized CR-39/DAP track detector for the observation of ultra heavy nuclei in galactic cosmic rays

S. Kodaira, N. Yasuda, H. Kawashima, M. Kurano, Nobuyuki Hasebe, T. Doke, S. Ota, T. Tsuruta, H. Hasegawa, S. Sakai, T. Nishi, K. Ogura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A new copolymer of CR-39 and DAP resin was developed for the selective detection of ultra heavy nuclei in galactic cosmic rays. The track registration sensitivity for heavy ions with various Z*/β was verified for copolymers mixing CR-39 (BARYOTRAK) with various concentrations of DAP using heavy ion beams at the HIMAC accelerator. In order to realize sufficient polymerization of CR-39/DAP copolymer, the optimum fabricating method was also verified by modifying the concentration of the initiator and temperature-time curing cycle for the copolymerization. CR-39 (BARYOTRAK) used for the base material of copolymerization has many advantages: 1) high uniformity of detector response, 2) extremely clear surface condition after etching, and 3) excellent charge and mass resolutions for heavy ions. The surface condition of the copolymer after etching is remarkably improved by using the BARYOTRAK monomer and its track registration sensitivity is controllable by changing the DAP concentration. However the detection threshold of the CR-39 (BARYOTRAK)/DAP copolymer is not yet satisfactory.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)775-778
    Number of pages4
    JournalRadiation Measurements
    Volume44
    Issue number9-10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct

    Fingerprint

    Cosmic rays
    heavy nuclei
    copolymers
    Copolymers
    Detectors
    Heavy ions
    detectors
    heavy ions
    copolymerization
    Copolymerization
    Etching
    etching
    sensitivity
    initiators
    curing
    resins
    Ion beams
    Particle accelerators
    Curing
    accelerators

    Keywords

    • CR-39/DAP (diallyl phthalate) copolymer
    • Detection threshold
    • Galactic cosmic rays
    • Track detector
    • Ultra heavy nuclei

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiation
    • Instrumentation

    Cite this

    Characteristics of the copolymerized CR-39/DAP track detector for the observation of ultra heavy nuclei in galactic cosmic rays. / Kodaira, S.; Yasuda, N.; Kawashima, H.; Kurano, M.; Hasebe, Nobuyuki; Doke, T.; Ota, S.; Tsuruta, T.; Hasegawa, H.; Sakai, S.; Nishi, T.; Ogura, K.

    In: Radiation Measurements, Vol. 44, No. 9-10, 10.2009, p. 775-778.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Kodaira, S, Yasuda, N, Kawashima, H, Kurano, M, Hasebe, N, Doke, T, Ota, S, Tsuruta, T, Hasegawa, H, Sakai, S, Nishi, T & Ogura, K 2009, 'Characteristics of the copolymerized CR-39/DAP track detector for the observation of ultra heavy nuclei in galactic cosmic rays', Radiation Measurements, vol. 44, no. 9-10, pp. 775-778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.10.050
    Kodaira, S. ; Yasuda, N. ; Kawashima, H. ; Kurano, M. ; Hasebe, Nobuyuki ; Doke, T. ; Ota, S. ; Tsuruta, T. ; Hasegawa, H. ; Sakai, S. ; Nishi, T. ; Ogura, K. / Characteristics of the copolymerized CR-39/DAP track detector for the observation of ultra heavy nuclei in galactic cosmic rays. In: Radiation Measurements. 2009 ; Vol. 44, No. 9-10. pp. 775-778.
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    abstract = "A new copolymer of CR-39 and DAP resin was developed for the selective detection of ultra heavy nuclei in galactic cosmic rays. The track registration sensitivity for heavy ions with various Z*/β was verified for copolymers mixing CR-39 (BARYOTRAK) with various concentrations of DAP using heavy ion beams at the HIMAC accelerator. In order to realize sufficient polymerization of CR-39/DAP copolymer, the optimum fabricating method was also verified by modifying the concentration of the initiator and temperature-time curing cycle for the copolymerization. CR-39 (BARYOTRAK) used for the base material of copolymerization has many advantages: 1) high uniformity of detector response, 2) extremely clear surface condition after etching, and 3) excellent charge and mass resolutions for heavy ions. The surface condition of the copolymer after etching is remarkably improved by using the BARYOTRAK monomer and its track registration sensitivity is controllable by changing the DAP concentration. However the detection threshold of the CR-39 (BARYOTRAK)/DAP copolymer is not yet satisfactory.",
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    AU - Hasebe, Nobuyuki

    AU - Doke, T.

    AU - Ota, S.

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