Characterization of magnetic components in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn1-xCoxO by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism

M. Kobayashi, Y. Ishida, J. L. Hwang, Takashi Mizokawa, A. Fujimori, K. Mamiya, J. Okamoto, Y. Takeda, T. Okane, Y. Saitoh, Y. Muramatsu, A. Tanaka, H. Saeki, H. Tabata, T. Kawai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the results of x-ray absorption, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and photoemission experiments on Zn1-xCoxO (x=0.05) thin film, which shows ferromagnetism at room temperature. The XMCD spectra show multiplet structures, characteristic of the Co2+ ion tetrahedrally coordinated by oxygen, suggesting that the ferromagnetism comes from Co ions substituting the Zn site in ZnO. The magnetic field and temperature dependences of the XMCD spectra imply that the nonferromagnetic Co ions are strongly coupled antiferromagnetically with each other.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201201
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume72
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov 15
Externally publishedYes

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Dichroism
dichroism
X rays
ferromagnetism
Ferromagnetism
Ions
ions
x rays
x ray absorption
Photoemission
photoelectric emission
fine structure
temperature dependence
room temperature
oxygen
Magnetic fields
Oxygen
thin films
magnetic fields
Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Characterization of magnetic components in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn1-xCoxO by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. / Kobayashi, M.; Ishida, Y.; Hwang, J. L.; Mizokawa, Takashi; Fujimori, A.; Mamiya, K.; Okamoto, J.; Takeda, Y.; Okane, T.; Saitoh, Y.; Muramatsu, Y.; Tanaka, A.; Saeki, H.; Tabata, H.; Kawai, T.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 72, No. 20, 201201, 15.11.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kobayashi, M, Ishida, Y, Hwang, JL, Mizokawa, T, Fujimori, A, Mamiya, K, Okamoto, J, Takeda, Y, Okane, T, Saitoh, Y, Muramatsu, Y, Tanaka, A, Saeki, H, Tabata, H & Kawai, T 2005, 'Characterization of magnetic components in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn1-xCoxO by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism', Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 72, no. 20, 201201. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.201201
Kobayashi, M. ; Ishida, Y. ; Hwang, J. L. ; Mizokawa, Takashi ; Fujimori, A. ; Mamiya, K. ; Okamoto, J. ; Takeda, Y. ; Okane, T. ; Saitoh, Y. ; Muramatsu, Y. ; Tanaka, A. ; Saeki, H. ; Tabata, H. ; Kawai, T. / Characterization of magnetic components in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn1-xCoxO by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2005 ; Vol. 72, No. 20.
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AU - Mizokawa, Takashi

AU - Fujimori, A.

AU - Mamiya, K.

AU - Okamoto, J.

AU - Takeda, Y.

AU - Okane, T.

AU - Saitoh, Y.

AU - Muramatsu, Y.

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AU - Saeki, H.

AU - Tabata, H.

AU - Kawai, T.

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AB - We report on the results of x-ray absorption, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and photoemission experiments on Zn1-xCoxO (x=0.05) thin film, which shows ferromagnetism at room temperature. The XMCD spectra show multiplet structures, characteristic of the Co2+ ion tetrahedrally coordinated by oxygen, suggesting that the ferromagnetism comes from Co ions substituting the Zn site in ZnO. The magnetic field and temperature dependences of the XMCD spectra imply that the nonferromagnetic Co ions are strongly coupled antiferromagnetically with each other.

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