Characterization of novel 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenases converting l-proline to cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline

Ryotaro Hara, Kuniki Kino

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hydroxyprolines are valuable chiral building blocks for organic synthesis of pharmaceuticals. Several microorganisms producing l-proline trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxylase were discovered and these enzymes were applied to the industrial production of trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxy-l-proline, respectively. Meanwhile, other hydroxyproline isomers, cis-4- and trans-3-hydroxy-l-proline, were not easily available because the corresponding hydroxylase have not been discovered. Herein we report novel l-proline cis-4-hydroxylases converting free l-proline to cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline. Two genes encoding uncharacterized proteins from Mesorhizobium loti and Sinorhizobium meliloti were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli, respectively. The functions of purified proteins were investigated in detail, and consequently we detected l-proline cis-4-hydroxylase activity in both proteins. Likewise l-proline trans-4-, cis-3-hydroxylase and prolyl hydroxylase, these enzymes belonged to a 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase family and required a non-heme ferrous ion. Although their reaction mechanisms were similar to other hydroxylases, the amino acid sequence homology was not observed (less than 40%).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)882-886
    Number of pages5
    JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
    Volume379
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 20

    Fingerprint

    Hydroxyproline
    Dioxygenases
    Mixed Function Oxygenases
    Proline
    Prolyl Hydroxylases
    Proteins
    Gene encoding
    Enzymes
    Mesorhizobium
    Isomers
    Microorganisms
    Escherichia coli
    Sinorhizobium meliloti
    Synthetic Chemistry Techniques
    Amino Acid Sequence Homology
    alpha-ketoglutaric acid
    Ions
    Amino Acids
    Pharmaceutical Preparations

    Keywords

    • 2-Oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase
    • cis-4-Hydroxy-l-proline
    • Hydroxyproline
    • l-Proline cis-4-hydroxylase
    • Mesorhizobium loti
    • Proline hydroxylase
    • Sinorhizobium meliloti

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Biophysics
    • Cell Biology
    • Molecular Biology

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Hydroxyprolines are valuable chiral building blocks for organic synthesis of pharmaceuticals. Several microorganisms producing l-proline trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxylase were discovered and these enzymes were applied to the industrial production of trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxy-l-proline, respectively. Meanwhile, other hydroxyproline isomers, cis-4- and trans-3-hydroxy-l-proline, were not easily available because the corresponding hydroxylase have not been discovered. Herein we report novel l-proline cis-4-hydroxylases converting free l-proline to cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline. Two genes encoding uncharacterized proteins from Mesorhizobium loti and Sinorhizobium meliloti were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli, respectively. The functions of purified proteins were investigated in detail, and consequently we detected l-proline cis-4-hydroxylase activity in both proteins. Likewise l-proline trans-4-, cis-3-hydroxylase and prolyl hydroxylase, these enzymes belonged to a 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase family and required a non-heme ferrous ion. Although their reaction mechanisms were similar to other hydroxylases, the amino acid sequence homology was not observed (less than 40{\%}).",
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    N2 - Hydroxyprolines are valuable chiral building blocks for organic synthesis of pharmaceuticals. Several microorganisms producing l-proline trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxylase were discovered and these enzymes were applied to the industrial production of trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxy-l-proline, respectively. Meanwhile, other hydroxyproline isomers, cis-4- and trans-3-hydroxy-l-proline, were not easily available because the corresponding hydroxylase have not been discovered. Herein we report novel l-proline cis-4-hydroxylases converting free l-proline to cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline. Two genes encoding uncharacterized proteins from Mesorhizobium loti and Sinorhizobium meliloti were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli, respectively. The functions of purified proteins were investigated in detail, and consequently we detected l-proline cis-4-hydroxylase activity in both proteins. Likewise l-proline trans-4-, cis-3-hydroxylase and prolyl hydroxylase, these enzymes belonged to a 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase family and required a non-heme ferrous ion. Although their reaction mechanisms were similar to other hydroxylases, the amino acid sequence homology was not observed (less than 40%).

    AB - Hydroxyprolines are valuable chiral building blocks for organic synthesis of pharmaceuticals. Several microorganisms producing l-proline trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxylase were discovered and these enzymes were applied to the industrial production of trans-4- and cis-3-hydroxy-l-proline, respectively. Meanwhile, other hydroxyproline isomers, cis-4- and trans-3-hydroxy-l-proline, were not easily available because the corresponding hydroxylase have not been discovered. Herein we report novel l-proline cis-4-hydroxylases converting free l-proline to cis-4-hydroxy-l-proline. Two genes encoding uncharacterized proteins from Mesorhizobium loti and Sinorhizobium meliloti were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli, respectively. The functions of purified proteins were investigated in detail, and consequently we detected l-proline cis-4-hydroxylase activity in both proteins. Likewise l-proline trans-4-, cis-3-hydroxylase and prolyl hydroxylase, these enzymes belonged to a 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase family and required a non-heme ferrous ion. Although their reaction mechanisms were similar to other hydroxylases, the amino acid sequence homology was not observed (less than 40%).

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