Characterization of Transparent Fluorapatite Ceramics Fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering

Hiroaki Furuse*, Daichi Kato, Koji Morita, Tohru S. Suzuki, Byung Nam Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Highly optically transparent polycrystalline fluorapatite ceramics with hexagonal crystal structures were fabricated via a liquid-phase synthesis of fluorapatite powder, followed by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The effect of sintering temperature, as observed using a thermopile, on the optical transmittance and microstructure of the ceramics was investigated in order to determine suitable sintering conditions. As a result, high optical transmittance was obtained in the SPS temperature range of 950–1100 °C. The highest optical transmittance was obtained for the ceramic sample sintered at 1000 °C, and its average grain size was evaluated at only 134 nm. The grain size dramatically increased with temperature, and the ceramics became translucent at SPS temperatures above 1200 °C. The mechanical and thermal properties of the ceramics were measured to evaluate the thermal shock parameter, which was found to be comparable to or slightly smaller than that of single-crystal fluorapatite. This transparent polycrystalline fluorapatite ceramic material should prove useful in a wide range of applications, for example as a biomaterial or optical/laser material, in the future. Furthermore, the knowledge obtained in this study should help to promote the application of this ceramic material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8157
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • fine microstructure
  • fluorapatite
  • spark plasma sintering
  • transparent ceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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