Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak

G. Abbiendi, C. Ainsley, P. F. Åkesson, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. Amaral, G. Anagnostou, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, I. Bailey, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. J. Batley, P. Bechtle, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, P. J. BellG. Bella, A. Bellerive, G. Benelli, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, I. J. Bloodworth, O. Boeriu, P. Bock, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, K. Buesser, H. J. Burckhart, S. Campana, R. K. Carnegie, B. Caron, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, A. Csilling, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, S. Dallison, A. de Roeck, E. A. de Wolf, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. Donkers, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, E. Elfgren, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, L. Feld, P. Ferrari, F. Fiedler, I. Fleck, M. Ford, A. Frey, A. Fürtjes, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, M. Giunta, J. Goldberg, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, P. O. Günther, A. Gupta, C. Hajdu, M. Hamann, G. G. Hanson, K. Harder, A. Harel, M. Harin-Dirac, M. Hauschild, J. Hauschildt, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, C. Hensel, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, K. Hoffman, R. J. Homer, D. Horváth, R. Howard, P. Igo-Kemenes, K. Ishii, H. Jeremie, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, N. Kanaya, J. Kanzaki, G. Karapetian, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, D. H. Kim, K. Klein, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, Sachio Komamiya, L. Kormos, T. Krämer, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, D. Krop, K. Kruger, T. Kuhl, M. Kupper, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, J. G. Layter, A. Leins, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, J. Lillich, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. Lu, J. Ludwig, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, S. Marcellini, T. E. Marchant, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Masetti, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, P. Mendez-Lorenzo, W. Menges, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, S. Moed, W. Mohr, T. Mori, A. Mutter, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, A. Oh, A. Okpara, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, C. Pahl, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, B. Poli, J. Polok, O. Pooth, M. Przybycien, A. Quadt, K. Rabbertz, C. Rembser, P. Renkel, H. Rick, J. M. Roney, S. Rosati, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, T. Schörner-Sadenius, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, G. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, F. Spano, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, S. Tarem, M. Tasevsky, R. J. Taylor, R. Teuscher, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrence, D. Toya, P. Tran, T. Trefzger, A. Tricoli, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, B. Ujvári, B. Vachon, C. F. Vollmer, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, J. Vossebeld, D. Waller, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, D. Wetterling, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, D. Zer-Zion, L. Zivkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured the mean charged particle multiplicities separately for bb, cc and light quark (uu, dd, ss) initiated events produced in e+e- annihilations at LEP. The data were recorded with the OPAL detector at eleven different energies above the Z0 peak, corresponding to the full statistics collected at LEP1.5 and LEP2. The difference in mean charged particle multiplicities for bb and light quark events, δbl, measured over this energy range is consistent with an energy independent behaviour, as predicted by QCD, but is inconsistent with the prediction of a more phenomenological approach which assumes that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the quark mass itself. Our results, which can be combined into the single measurement δbl = 3.44 ± 0.40(stat) ± 0.89(syst) at a luminosity weighted average centre-of-mass energy of 195 GeV, are also consistent with an energy independent behaviour as extrapolated from lower energy data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-46
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume550
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 12
Externally publishedYes

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charged particles
quarks
energy
center of mass
quantum chromodynamics
luminosity
statistics
detectors
decay
predictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak. / Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Åkesson, P. F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, R. J.; Bechtle, P.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bell, P. J.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Benelli, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Boeriu, O.; Bock, P.; Bonacorsi, D.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, R. M.; Buesser, K.; Burckhart, H. J.; Campana, S.; Carnegie, R. K.; Caron, B.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Csilling, A.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallison, S.; de Roeck, A.; de Wolf, E. A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Donkers, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Elfgren, E.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Feld, L.; Ferrari, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fleck, I.; Ford, M.; Frey, A.; Fürtjes, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giunta, M.; Goldberg, J.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwé, M.; Günther, P. O.; Gupta, A.; Hajdu, C.; Hamann, M.; Hanson, G. G.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Harin-Dirac, M.; Hauschild, M.; Hauschildt, J.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Hensel, C.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hoffman, K.; Homer, R. J.; Horváth, D.; Howard, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ishii, K.; Jeremie, H.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Kanaya, N.; Kanzaki, J.; Karapetian, G.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kim, D. H.; Klein, K.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Komamiya, Sachio; Kormos, L.; Krämer, T.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Krop, D.; Kruger, K.; Kuhl, T.; Kupper, M.; Lafferty, G. D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Layter, J. G.; Leins, A.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Lillich, J.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, J.; Macpherson, A.; Mader, W.; Marcellini, S.; Marchant, T. E.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Masetti, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; McMahon, T. J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Mendez-Lorenzo, P.; Menges, W.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Moed, S.; Mohr, W.; Mori, T.; Mutter, A.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H. A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oh, A.; Okpara, A.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pahl, C.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Pooth, O.; Przybycien, M.; Quadt, A.; Rabbertz, K.; Rembser, C.; Renkel, P.; Rick, H.; Roney, J. M.; Rosati, S.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schörner-Sadenius, T.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W. G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Spano, F.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Tarem, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Taylor, R. J.; Teuscher, R.; Thomson, M. A.; Torrence, E.; Toya, D.; Tran, P.; Trefzger, T.; Tricoli, A.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; Ueda, I.; Ujvári, B.; Vachon, B.; Vollmer, C. F.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Vossebeld, J.; Waller, D.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wengler, T.; Wermes, N.; Wetterling, D.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wolf, G.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Zer-Zion, D.; Zivkovic, L.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 550, No. 1-2, 12.12.2002, p. 33-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbiendi, G, Ainsley, C, Åkesson, PF, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Amaral, P, Anagnostou, G, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Bailey, I, Barberio, E, Barlow, RJ, Batley, RJ, Bechtle, P, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bell, PJ, Bella, G, Bellerive, A, Benelli, G, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Bloodworth, IJ, Boeriu, O, Bock, P, Bonacorsi, D, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Brigliadori, L, Brown, RM, Buesser, K, Burckhart, HJ, Campana, S, Carnegie, RK, Caron, B, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Csilling, A, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallison, S, de Roeck, A, de Wolf, EA, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Donkers, M, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Elfgren, E, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Feld, L, Ferrari, P, Fiedler, F, Fleck, I, Ford, M, Frey, A, Fürtjes, A, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Gaycken, G, Geich-Gimbel, C, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Giunta, M, Goldberg, J, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwé, M, Günther, PO, Gupta, A, Hajdu, C, Hamann, M, Hanson, GG, Harder, K, Harel, A, Harin-Dirac, M, Hauschild, M, Hauschildt, J, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Hemingway, RJ, Hensel, C, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hoffman, K, Homer, RJ, Horváth, D, Howard, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ishii, K, Jeremie, H, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Kanaya, N, Kanzaki, J, Karapetian, G, Karlen, D, Kartvelishvili, V, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kim, DH, Klein, K, Klier, A, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Komamiya, S, Kormos, L, Krämer, T, Kress, T, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Krop, D, Kruger, K, Kuhl, T, Kupper, M, Lafferty, GD, Landsman, H, Lanske, D, Layter, JG, Leins, A, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Lillich, J, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lu, J, Ludwig, J, Macpherson, A, Mader, W, Marcellini, S, Marchant, TE, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Masetti, G, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, McDonald, WJ, McKenna, J, McMahon, TJ, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Mendez-Lorenzo, P, Menges, W, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Moed, S, Mohr, W, Mori, T, Mutter, A, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Neal, HA, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oh, A, Okpara, A, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pahl, C, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Patrick, GN, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Poli, B, Polok, J, Pooth, O, Przybycien, M, Quadt, A, Rabbertz, K, Rembser, C, Renkel, P, Rick, H, Roney, JM, Rosati, S, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sahr, O, Sarkisyan, EKG, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schieck, J, Schörner-Sadenius, T, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Schwick, C, Scott, WG, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Siroli, G, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Spano, F, Stahl, A, Stephens, K, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Tarem, S, Tasevsky, M, Taylor, RJ, Teuscher, R, Thomson, MA, Torrence, E, Toya, D, Tran, P, Trefzger, T, Tricoli, A, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turner-Watson, MF, Ueda, I, Ujvári, B, Vachon, B, Vollmer, CF, Vannerem, P, Verzocchi, M, Voss, H, Vossebeld, J, Waller, D, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wengler, T, Wermes, N, Wetterling, D, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wolf, G, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Zer-Zion, D & Zivkovic, L 2002, 'Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 550, no. 1-2, pp. 33-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02935-0
Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Åkesson, P. F. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Amaral, P. ; Anagnostou, G. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Bailey, I. ; Barberio, E. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, R. J. ; Bechtle, P. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bell, P. J. ; Bella, G. ; Bellerive, A. ; Benelli, G. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Boeriu, O. ; Bock, P. ; Bonacorsi, D. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Brigliadori, L. ; Brown, R. M. ; Buesser, K. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Campana, S. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Caron, B. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Csilling, A. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallison, S. ; de Roeck, A. ; de Wolf, E. A. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Donkers, M. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Elfgren, E. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Feld, L. ; Ferrari, P. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fleck, I. ; Ford, M. ; Frey, A. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gaycken, G. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Giunta, M. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwé, M. ; Günther, P. O. ; Gupta, A. ; Hajdu, C. ; Hamann, M. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Harder, K. ; Harel, A. ; Harin-Dirac, M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hauschildt, J. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Hensel, C. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hoffman, K. ; Homer, R. J. ; Horváth, D. ; Howard, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ishii, K. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Kanaya, N. ; Kanzaki, J. ; Karapetian, G. ; Karlen, D. ; Kartvelishvili, V. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kim, D. H. ; Klein, K. ; Klier, A. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Kormos, L. ; Krämer, T. ; Kress, T. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Krop, D. ; Kruger, K. ; Kuhl, T. ; Kupper, M. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Landsman, H. ; Lanske, D. ; Layter, J. G. ; Leins, A. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Lillich, J. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lu, J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Macpherson, A. ; Mader, W. ; Marcellini, S. ; Marchant, T. E. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Masetti, G. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; McDonald, W. J. ; McKenna, J. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Mendez-Lorenzo, P. ; Menges, W. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Moed, S. ; Mohr, W. ; Mori, T. ; Mutter, A. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oh, A. ; Okpara, A. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pahl, C. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poli, B. ; Polok, J. ; Pooth, O. ; Przybycien, M. ; Quadt, A. ; Rabbertz, K. ; Rembser, C. ; Renkel, P. ; Rick, H. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rosati, S. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sahr, O. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schieck, J. ; Schörner-Sadenius, T. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Scott, W. G. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Spano, F. ; Stahl, A. ; Stephens, K. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Tarem, S. ; Tasevsky, M. ; Taylor, R. J. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Torrence, E. ; Toya, D. ; Tran, P. ; Trefzger, T. ; Tricoli, A. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; Ueda, I. ; Ujvári, B. ; Vachon, B. ; Vollmer, C. F. ; Vannerem, P. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Voss, H. ; Vossebeld, J. ; Waller, D. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wengler, T. ; Wermes, N. ; Wetterling, D. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wolf, G. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Zer-Zion, D. ; Zivkovic, L. / Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2002 ; Vol. 550, No. 1-2. pp. 33-46.
@article{289db571671e44f3a8bba2e9c40c637d,
title = "Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak",
abstract = "We have measured the mean charged particle multiplicities separately for bb, cc and light quark (uu, dd, ss) initiated events produced in e+e- annihilations at LEP. The data were recorded with the OPAL detector at eleven different energies above the Z0 peak, corresponding to the full statistics collected at LEP1.5 and LEP2. The difference in mean charged particle multiplicities for bb and light quark events, δbl, measured over this energy range is consistent with an energy independent behaviour, as predicted by QCD, but is inconsistent with the prediction of a more phenomenological approach which assumes that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the quark mass itself. Our results, which can be combined into the single measurement δbl = 3.44 ± 0.40(stat) ± 0.89(syst) at a luminosity weighted average centre-of-mass energy of 195 GeV, are also consistent with an energy independent behaviour as extrapolated from lower energy data.",
author = "G. Abbiendi and C. Ainsley and {\AA}kesson, {P. F.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and P. Amaral and G. Anagnostou and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and I. Bailey and E. Barberio and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {R. J.} and P. Bechtle and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and Bell, {P. J.} and G. Bella and A. Bellerive and G. Benelli and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and O. Boeriu and P. Bock and D. Bonacorsi and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and L. Brigliadori and Brown, {R. M.} and K. Buesser and Burckhart, {H. J.} and S. Campana and Carnegie, {R. K.} and B. Caron and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and A. Csilling and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and S. Dallison and {de Roeck}, A. and {de Wolf}, {E. A.} and K. Desch and B. Dienes and M. Donkers and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and E. Elfgren and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and L. Feld and P. Ferrari and F. Fiedler and I. Fleck and M. Ford and A. Frey and A. F{\"u}rtjes and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and G. Gaycken and C. Geich-Gimbel and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and M. Giunta and J. Goldberg and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruw{\'e} and G{\"u}nther, {P. O.} and A. Gupta and C. Hajdu and M. Hamann and Hanson, {G. G.} and K. Harder and A. Harel and M. Harin-Dirac and M. Hauschild and J. Hauschildt and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and Hemingway, {R. J.} and C. Hensel and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and K. Hoffman and Homer, {R. J.} and D. Horv{\'a}th and R. Howard and P. Igo-Kemenes and K. Ishii and H. Jeremie and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and N. Kanaya and J. Kanzaki and G. Karapetian and D. Karlen and V. Kartvelishvili and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and Kim, {D. H.} and K. Klein and A. Klier and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Sachio Komamiya and L. Kormos and T. Kr{\"a}mer and T. Kress and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and D. Krop and K. Kruger and T. Kuhl and M. Kupper and Lafferty, {G. D.} and H. Landsman and D. Lanske and Layter, {J. G.} and A. Leins and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and J. Lillich and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and J. Lu and J. Ludwig and A. Macpherson and W. Mader and S. Marcellini and Marchant, {T. E.} and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and G. Masetti and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and McDonald, {W. J.} and J. McKenna and McMahon, {T. J.} and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and P. Mendez-Lorenzo and W. Menges and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and S. Moed and W. Mohr and T. Mori and A. Mutter and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and Neal, {H. A.} and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and A. Oh and A. Okpara and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and C. Pahl and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and B. Poli and J. Polok and O. Pooth and M. Przybycien and A. Quadt and K. Rabbertz and C. Rembser and P. Renkel and H. Rick and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rosati and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and O. Sahr and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and P. Scharff-Hansen and J. Schieck and T. Sch{\"o}rner-Sadenius and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and C. Schwick and Scott, {W. G.} and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and G. Siroli and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and F. Spano and A. Stahl and K. Stephens and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and S. Tarem and M. Tasevsky and Taylor, {R. J.} and R. Teuscher and Thomson, {M. A.} and E. Torrence and D. Toya and P. Tran and T. Trefzger and A. Tricoli and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and I. Ueda and B. Ujv{\'a}ri and B. Vachon and Vollmer, {C. F.} and P. Vannerem and M. Verzocchi and H. Voss and J. Vossebeld and D. Waller and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and T. Wengler and N. Wermes and D. Wetterling and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and G. Wolf and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and D. Zer-Zion and L. Zivkovic",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02935-0",
language = "English",
volume = "550",
pages = "33--46",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the Z0 peak

AU - Abbiendi, G.

AU - Ainsley, C.

AU - Åkesson, P. F.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Amaral, P.

AU - Anagnostou, G.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Bailey, I.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, R. J.

AU - Bechtle, P.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bell, P. J.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bellerive, A.

AU - Benelli, G.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Boeriu, O.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Bonacorsi, D.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Brigliadori, L.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Buesser, K.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Campana, S.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Caron, B.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Csilling, A.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallison, S.

AU - de Roeck, A.

AU - de Wolf, E. A.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Donkers, M.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Elfgren, E.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Feld, L.

AU - Ferrari, P.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Ford, M.

AU - Frey, A.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gaycken, G.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Giunta, M.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwé, M.

AU - Günther, P. O.

AU - Gupta, A.

AU - Hajdu, C.

AU - Hamann, M.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Harder, K.

AU - Harel, A.

AU - Harin-Dirac, M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hauschildt, J.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Hensel, C.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hoffman, K.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Howard, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Junk, T. R.

AU - Kanaya, N.

AU - Kanzaki, J.

AU - Karapetian, G.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kartvelishvili, V.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kim, D. H.

AU - Klein, K.

AU - Klier, A.

AU - Kluth, S.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kobel, M.

AU - Komamiya, Sachio

AU - Kormos, L.

AU - Krämer, T.

AU - Kress, T.

AU - Krieger, P.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Krop, D.

AU - Kruger, K.

AU - Kuhl, T.

AU - Kupper, M.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Lanske, D.

AU - Layter, J. G.

AU - Leins, A.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Letts, J.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Lillich, J.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Lu, J.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Macpherson, A.

AU - Mader, W.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Marchant, T. E.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Martin, J. P.

AU - Masetti, G.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - McDonald, W. J.

AU - McKenna, J.

AU - McMahon, T. J.

AU - McPherson, R. A.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Mendez-Lorenzo, P.

AU - Menges, W.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Mihara, S.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Moed, S.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Mutter, A.

AU - Nagai, K.

AU - Nakamura, I.

AU - Neal, H. A.

AU - Nisius, R.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - Oh, A.

AU - Okpara, A.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pahl, C.

AU - Pásztor, G.

AU - Pater, J. R.

AU - Patrick, G. N.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Poli, B.

AU - Polok, J.

AU - Pooth, O.

AU - Przybycien, M.

AU - Quadt, A.

AU - Rabbertz, K.

AU - Rembser, C.

AU - Renkel, P.

AU - Rick, H.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rosati, S.

AU - Rozen, Y.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Sachs, K.

AU - Saeki, T.

AU - Sahr, O.

AU - Sarkisyan, E. K.G.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schörner-Sadenius, T.

AU - Schröder, M.

AU - Schumacher, M.

AU - Schwick, C.

AU - Scott, W. G.

AU - Seuster, R.

AU - Shears, T. G.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Siroli, G.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Sobie, R.

AU - Söldner-Rembold, S.

AU - Spano, F.

AU - Stahl, A.

AU - Stephens, K.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Ströhmer, R.

AU - Tarem, S.

AU - Tasevsky, M.

AU - Taylor, R. J.

AU - Teuscher, R.

AU - Thomson, M. A.

AU - Torrence, E.

AU - Toya, D.

AU - Tran, P.

AU - Trefzger, T.

AU - Tricoli, A.

AU - Trigger, I.

AU - Trócsányi, Z.

AU - Tsur, E.

AU - Turner-Watson, M. F.

AU - Ueda, I.

AU - Ujvári, B.

AU - Vachon, B.

AU - Vollmer, C. F.

AU - Vannerem, P.

AU - Verzocchi, M.

AU - Voss, H.

AU - Vossebeld, J.

AU - Waller, D.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wengler, T.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Wetterling, D.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wolf, G.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yamashita, S.

AU - Zer-Zion, D.

AU - Zivkovic, L.

PY - 2002/12/12

Y1 - 2002/12/12

N2 - We have measured the mean charged particle multiplicities separately for bb, cc and light quark (uu, dd, ss) initiated events produced in e+e- annihilations at LEP. The data were recorded with the OPAL detector at eleven different energies above the Z0 peak, corresponding to the full statistics collected at LEP1.5 and LEP2. The difference in mean charged particle multiplicities for bb and light quark events, δbl, measured over this energy range is consistent with an energy independent behaviour, as predicted by QCD, but is inconsistent with the prediction of a more phenomenological approach which assumes that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the quark mass itself. Our results, which can be combined into the single measurement δbl = 3.44 ± 0.40(stat) ± 0.89(syst) at a luminosity weighted average centre-of-mass energy of 195 GeV, are also consistent with an energy independent behaviour as extrapolated from lower energy data.

AB - We have measured the mean charged particle multiplicities separately for bb, cc and light quark (uu, dd, ss) initiated events produced in e+e- annihilations at LEP. The data were recorded with the OPAL detector at eleven different energies above the Z0 peak, corresponding to the full statistics collected at LEP1.5 and LEP2. The difference in mean charged particle multiplicities for bb and light quark events, δbl, measured over this energy range is consistent with an energy independent behaviour, as predicted by QCD, but is inconsistent with the prediction of a more phenomenological approach which assumes that the multiplicity accompanying the decay of a heavy quark is independent of the quark mass itself. Our results, which can be combined into the single measurement δbl = 3.44 ± 0.40(stat) ± 0.89(syst) at a luminosity weighted average centre-of-mass energy of 195 GeV, are also consistent with an energy independent behaviour as extrapolated from lower energy data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037069770&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037069770&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02935-0

DO - 10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02935-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0037069770

VL - 550

SP - 33

EP - 46

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 1-2

ER -