Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector

M. Amenomori, X. J. Bi, D. Chen, S. W. Cui, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, X. H. Ding, C. Fan, C. F. Feng, Zhaoyang Feng, Z. Y. Feng, X. Y. Gao, Q. X. Geng, H. W. Guo, H. H. He, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Haibing Hu, H. B. Hu & 64 others J. Huang, Q. Huang, H. Y. Jia, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, K. Kawata, Labaciren, G. M. Le, A. F. Li, J. Y. Li, Y. Q. Lou, H. Lu, S. L. Lu, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, K. Munakata, A. Nagai, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, T. Ouchi, Shunsuke Ozawa, J. R. Ren, T. Saito, T. Y. Saito, M. Sakata, T. K. Sako, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, M. Takita, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, H. Tsuchiya, S. Udo, B. Wang, H. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. G. Wang, H. R. Wu, L. Xue, Y. Yamamoto, C. T. Yan, X. C. Yang, S. Yasue, Z. H. Ye, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Yi Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, X. X. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent results and future prospects of the Tibet air-shower experiment are reported on the all-particle energy spectrum and the chemical composition of cosmic rays around 1015eV energy range. The knee of the all-particle energy spectrum has been clearly observed at the energy around 4x1015eV by Tibet III air-shower array located at Yangbajing, Tibet, China (atmospheric depth 606 g/cm2, area 37,000 m2). The energy spectrum of light components (protons and helium) measured by air-shower-core detector exhibits steeper power index than that of direct measurements below 1014eV, leading to decreasing fraction of the light component toward the knee. Hence, it is strongly suggested that the origin of the knee is related with the change of the chemical composition of cosmic rays. A new air-shower-core detector called 'YAC' is under the preparation for explicit measurement of the heavy component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-209
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume78
Issue numberSUPPL. A
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Tibet
cosmic ray showers
cosmic rays
chemical composition
energy spectra
detectors
particle energy
China
helium
preparation
protons
energy

Keywords

  • Air shower experiment
  • Chemical composition
  • Energy spectrum of cosmic rays
  • The knee

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Bi, X. J., Chen, D., Cui, S. W., Danzengluobu, Ding, L. K., ... Zhou, X. X. (2009). Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(SUPPL. A), 206-209.

Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector. / Amenomori, M.; Bi, X. J.; Chen, D.; Cui, S. W.; Danzengluobu; Ding, L. K.; Ding, X. H.; Fan, C.; Feng, C. F.; Feng, Zhaoyang; Feng, Z. Y.; Gao, X. Y.; Geng, Q. X.; Guo, H. W.; He, H. H.; He, M.; Hibino, K.; Hotta, N.; Hu, Haibing; Hu, H. B.; Huang, J.; Huang, Q.; Jia, H. Y.; Kajino, F.; Kasahara, K.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawata, K.; Labaciren; Le, G. M.; Li, A. F.; Li, J. Y.; Lou, Y. Q.; Lu, H.; Lu, S. L.; Meng, X. R.; Mizutani, K.; Mu, J.; Munakata, K.; Nagai, A.; Nanjo, H.; Nishizawa, M.; Ohnishi, M.; Ohta, I.; Ouchi, T.; Ozawa, Shunsuke; Ren, J. R.; Saito, T.; Saito, T. Y.; Sakata, M.; Sako, T. K.; Shibata, M.; Shiomi, A.; Shirai, T.; Sugimoto, H.; Takita, M.; Tan, Y. H.; Tateyama, N.; Torii, Shoji; Tsuchiya, H.; Udo, S.; Wang, B.; Wang, H.; Wang, X.; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y. G.; Wu, H. R.; Xue, L.; Yamamoto, Y.; Yan, C. T.; Yang, X. C.; Yasue, S.; Ye, Z. H.; Yu, G. C.; Yuan, A. F.; Yuda, T.; Zhang, H. M.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, N. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Yi; Zhaxisangzhu; Zhou, X. X.

In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 78, No. SUPPL. A, 2009, p. 206-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amenomori, M, Bi, XJ, Chen, D, Cui, SW, Danzengluobu, Ding, LK, Ding, XH, Fan, C, Feng, CF, Feng, Z, Feng, ZY, Gao, XY, Geng, QX, Guo, HW, He, HH, He, M, Hibino, K, Hotta, N, Hu, H, Hu, HB, Huang, J, Huang, Q, Jia, HY, Kajino, F, Kasahara, K, Katayose, Y, Kato, C, Kawata, K, Labaciren, Le, GM, Li, AF, Li, JY, Lou, YQ, Lu, H, Lu, SL, Meng, XR, Mizutani, K, Mu, J, Munakata, K, Nagai, A, Nanjo, H, Nishizawa, M, Ohnishi, M, Ohta, I, Ouchi, T, Ozawa, S, Ren, JR, Saito, T, Saito, TY, Sakata, M, Sako, TK, Shibata, M, Shiomi, A, Shirai, T, Sugimoto, H, Takita, M, Tan, YH, Tateyama, N, Torii, S, Tsuchiya, H, Udo, S, Wang, B, Wang, H, Wang, X, Wang, Y, Wang, YG, Wu, HR, Xue, L, Yamamoto, Y, Yan, CT, Yang, XC, Yasue, S, Ye, ZH, Yu, GC, Yuan, AF, Yuda, T, Zhang, HM, Zhang, JL, Zhang, NJ, Zhang, XY, Zhang, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhaxisangzhu & Zhou, XX 2009, 'Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector', Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 78, no. SUPPL. A, pp. 206-209.
Amenomori M, Bi XJ, Chen D, Cui SW, Danzengluobu, Ding LK et al. Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2009;78(SUPPL. A):206-209.
Amenomori, M. ; Bi, X. J. ; Chen, D. ; Cui, S. W. ; Danzengluobu ; Ding, L. K. ; Ding, X. H. ; Fan, C. ; Feng, C. F. ; Feng, Zhaoyang ; Feng, Z. Y. ; Gao, X. Y. ; Geng, Q. X. ; Guo, H. W. ; He, H. H. ; He, M. ; Hibino, K. ; Hotta, N. ; Hu, Haibing ; Hu, H. B. ; Huang, J. ; Huang, Q. ; Jia, H. Y. ; Kajino, F. ; Kasahara, K. ; Katayose, Y. ; Kato, C. ; Kawata, K. ; Labaciren ; Le, G. M. ; Li, A. F. ; Li, J. Y. ; Lou, Y. Q. ; Lu, H. ; Lu, S. L. ; Meng, X. R. ; Mizutani, K. ; Mu, J. ; Munakata, K. ; Nagai, A. ; Nanjo, H. ; Nishizawa, M. ; Ohnishi, M. ; Ohta, I. ; Ouchi, T. ; Ozawa, Shunsuke ; Ren, J. R. ; Saito, T. ; Saito, T. Y. ; Sakata, M. ; Sako, T. K. ; Shibata, M. ; Shiomi, A. ; Shirai, T. ; Sugimoto, H. ; Takita, M. ; Tan, Y. H. ; Tateyama, N. ; Torii, Shoji ; Tsuchiya, H. ; Udo, S. ; Wang, B. ; Wang, H. ; Wang, X. ; Wang, Y. ; Wang, Y. G. ; Wu, H. R. ; Xue, L. ; Yamamoto, Y. ; Yan, C. T. ; Yang, X. C. ; Yasue, S. ; Ye, Z. H. ; Yu, G. C. ; Yuan, A. F. ; Yuda, T. ; Zhang, H. M. ; Zhang, J. L. ; Zhang, N. J. ; Zhang, X. Y. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zhang, Yi ; Zhaxisangzhu ; Zhou, X. X. / Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector. In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2009 ; Vol. 78, No. SUPPL. A. pp. 206-209.
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abstract = "Recent results and future prospects of the Tibet air-shower experiment are reported on the all-particle energy spectrum and the chemical composition of cosmic rays around 1015eV energy range. The knee of the all-particle energy spectrum has been clearly observed at the energy around 4x1015eV by Tibet III air-shower array located at Yangbajing, Tibet, China (atmospheric depth 606 g/cm2, area 37,000 m2). The energy spectrum of light components (protons and helium) measured by air-shower-core detector exhibits steeper power index than that of direct measurements below 1014eV, leading to decreasing fraction of the light component toward the knee. Hence, it is strongly suggested that the origin of the knee is related with the change of the chemical composition of cosmic rays. A new air-shower-core detector called 'YAC' is under the preparation for explicit measurement of the heavy component.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemical composition of cosmic rays around the knee observed by the Tibet air-shower-core detector

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Bi, X. J.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Cui, S. W.

AU - Danzengluobu,

AU - Ding, L. K.

AU - Ding, X. H.

AU - Fan, C.

AU - Feng, C. F.

AU - Feng, Zhaoyang

AU - Feng, Z. Y.

AU - Gao, X. Y.

AU - Geng, Q. X.

AU - Guo, H. W.

AU - He, H. H.

AU - He, M.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Hu, Haibing

AU - Hu, H. B.

AU - Huang, J.

AU - Huang, Q.

AU - Jia, H. Y.

AU - Kajino, F.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kato, C.

AU - Kawata, K.

AU - Labaciren,

AU - Le, G. M.

AU - Li, A. F.

AU - Li, J. Y.

AU - Lou, Y. Q.

AU - Lu, H.

AU - Lu, S. L.

AU - Meng, X. R.

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Mu, J.

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Nagai, A.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Nishizawa, M.

AU - Ohnishi, M.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Ouchi, T.

AU - Ozawa, Shunsuke

AU - Ren, J. R.

AU - Saito, T.

AU - Saito, T. Y.

AU - Sakata, M.

AU - Sako, T. K.

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Shirai, T.

AU - Sugimoto, H.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tan, Y. H.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Tsuchiya, H.

AU - Udo, S.

AU - Wang, B.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wang, X.

AU - Wang, Y.

AU - Wang, Y. G.

AU - Wu, H. R.

AU - Xue, L.

AU - Yamamoto, Y.

AU - Yan, C. T.

AU - Yang, X. C.

AU - Yasue, S.

AU - Ye, Z. H.

AU - Yu, G. C.

AU - Yuan, A. F.

AU - Yuda, T.

AU - Zhang, H. M.

AU - Zhang, J. L.

AU - Zhang, N. J.

AU - Zhang, X. Y.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zhang, Yi

AU - Zhaxisangzhu,

AU - Zhou, X. X.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Recent results and future prospects of the Tibet air-shower experiment are reported on the all-particle energy spectrum and the chemical composition of cosmic rays around 1015eV energy range. The knee of the all-particle energy spectrum has been clearly observed at the energy around 4x1015eV by Tibet III air-shower array located at Yangbajing, Tibet, China (atmospheric depth 606 g/cm2, area 37,000 m2). The energy spectrum of light components (protons and helium) measured by air-shower-core detector exhibits steeper power index than that of direct measurements below 1014eV, leading to decreasing fraction of the light component toward the knee. Hence, it is strongly suggested that the origin of the knee is related with the change of the chemical composition of cosmic rays. A new air-shower-core detector called 'YAC' is under the preparation for explicit measurement of the heavy component.

AB - Recent results and future prospects of the Tibet air-shower experiment are reported on the all-particle energy spectrum and the chemical composition of cosmic rays around 1015eV energy range. The knee of the all-particle energy spectrum has been clearly observed at the energy around 4x1015eV by Tibet III air-shower array located at Yangbajing, Tibet, China (atmospheric depth 606 g/cm2, area 37,000 m2). The energy spectrum of light components (protons and helium) measured by air-shower-core detector exhibits steeper power index than that of direct measurements below 1014eV, leading to decreasing fraction of the light component toward the knee. Hence, it is strongly suggested that the origin of the knee is related with the change of the chemical composition of cosmic rays. A new air-shower-core detector called 'YAC' is under the preparation for explicit measurement of the heavy component.

KW - Air shower experiment

KW - Chemical composition

KW - Energy spectrum of cosmic rays

KW - The knee

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M3 - Article

VL - 78

SP - 206

EP - 209

JO - Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

JF - Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

SN - 0031-9015

IS - SUPPL. A

ER -