Chemomechanical coupling in F1-ATPase revealed by simultaneous observation of nucleotide kinetics and rotation

Takayuki Nishizaka*, Kazuhiro Oiwa, Hiroyuki Noji, Shigeki Kimura, Eiro Muneyuki, Masasuke Yoshida, Kazuhiko Kinosita

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

234 Citations (Scopus)


F1-ATPase is a rotary molecular motor in which unidirectional rotation of the central γ subunit is powered by ATP hydrolysis in three catalytic sites arranged 120° apart around γ. To study how hydrolysis reactions produce mechanical rotation, we observed rotation under an optical microscope to see which of the three sites bound and released a fluorescent ATP analog. Assuming that the analog mimics authentic ATP, the following scheme emerges: (i) in the ATP-waiting state, one site, dictated by the orientation of γ, is empty, whereas the other two bind a nucleotide; (ii) ATP binding to the empty site drives an ∼80° rotation of γ; (iii) this triggers a reaction(s), hydrolysis and/or phosphate release, but not ADP release in the site that bound ATP one step earlier; (iv) completion of this reaction induces further ∼40° rotation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-148
Number of pages7
JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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