Chiral gravitational effect in time-dependent backgrounds

Kohei Kamada, Jun’ya Kume*, Yusuke Yamada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gravitational counterpart of the chiral magnetic effect, which is referred as the chiral gravitational effect, can also be of interest in a cosmological setup. In this study, we investigate this effect in the time-dependent chiral asymmetric fermion background and in the expanding spacetime by formulating the effective action of gravitational waves. We also analyze the anomaly equation to see how the backreaction from gravitational waves to thermal chiral plasma occurs. We find that the non-trivial time dependence of chiral chemical potential, which can be induced in some scenarios of baryogenesis, is the key ingredient of the chiral gravitational effect. It turns out that the “memory” of the effect is imprinted on the high frequency gravitational waves propagating in the plasma. Cosmological implications and potential effects on the gravitational wave observation are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number292
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2021
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anomalies in Field and String Theories
  • Classical Theories of Gravity
  • Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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