Choice and contingency in the development of behavioral autonomy during instrumental conditioning

Yutaka Kosaki, Anthony Dickinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In two experiments hungry rats received extensive training to lever press for food outcomes before one outcome was devalued by aversion conditioning and responding tested in extinction. If the rats were trained on a concurrent schedule in which two responses yielded different outcomes, performance during the extinction test was reduced by devaluation of the associated outcome. By contrast, if a single response was trained concurrently with the noncontingent presentations of the other outcome, test performance was insensitive to devaluation of the contingent outcome. This finding demonstrates that training on a schedule that offers a choice between responses that yield different outcomes prevents the onset of behavioral autonomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-342
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

autonomy
conditioning
Appointments and Schedules
extinction
yield response
rats
testing
Food
food
experiment
test
press

Keywords

  • Choice
  • Goal-directed behavior
  • Habits
  • Instrumental learning
  • Reinforcer devaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Choice and contingency in the development of behavioral autonomy during instrumental conditioning. / Kosaki, Yutaka; Dickinson, Anthony.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, Vol. 36, No. 3, 07.2010, p. 334-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{90fc33c384c944e787cb431095c14c3e,
title = "Choice and contingency in the development of behavioral autonomy during instrumental conditioning",
abstract = "In two experiments hungry rats received extensive training to lever press for food outcomes before one outcome was devalued by aversion conditioning and responding tested in extinction. If the rats were trained on a concurrent schedule in which two responses yielded different outcomes, performance during the extinction test was reduced by devaluation of the associated outcome. By contrast, if a single response was trained concurrently with the noncontingent presentations of the other outcome, test performance was insensitive to devaluation of the contingent outcome. This finding demonstrates that training on a schedule that offers a choice between responses that yield different outcomes prevents the onset of behavioral autonomy.",
keywords = "Choice, Goal-directed behavior, Habits, Instrumental learning, Reinforcer devaluation",
author = "Yutaka Kosaki and Anthony Dickinson",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1037/a0016887",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "334--342",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes",
issn = "0097-7403",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Choice and contingency in the development of behavioral autonomy during instrumental conditioning

AU - Kosaki, Yutaka

AU - Dickinson, Anthony

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - In two experiments hungry rats received extensive training to lever press for food outcomes before one outcome was devalued by aversion conditioning and responding tested in extinction. If the rats were trained on a concurrent schedule in which two responses yielded different outcomes, performance during the extinction test was reduced by devaluation of the associated outcome. By contrast, if a single response was trained concurrently with the noncontingent presentations of the other outcome, test performance was insensitive to devaluation of the contingent outcome. This finding demonstrates that training on a schedule that offers a choice between responses that yield different outcomes prevents the onset of behavioral autonomy.

AB - In two experiments hungry rats received extensive training to lever press for food outcomes before one outcome was devalued by aversion conditioning and responding tested in extinction. If the rats were trained on a concurrent schedule in which two responses yielded different outcomes, performance during the extinction test was reduced by devaluation of the associated outcome. By contrast, if a single response was trained concurrently with the noncontingent presentations of the other outcome, test performance was insensitive to devaluation of the contingent outcome. This finding demonstrates that training on a schedule that offers a choice between responses that yield different outcomes prevents the onset of behavioral autonomy.

KW - Choice

KW - Goal-directed behavior

KW - Habits

KW - Instrumental learning

KW - Reinforcer devaluation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955317341&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955317341&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0016887

DO - 10.1037/a0016887

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 334

EP - 342

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes

SN - 0097-7403

IS - 3

ER -