Circadian rhythms of liver physiology and disease

Experimental and clinical evidence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The circadian clock system consists of a central clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus and peripheral clocks in peripheral tissues. Peripheral clocks in the liver have fundamental roles in maintaining liver homeostasis, including the regulation of energy metabolism and the expression of enzymes controlling the absorption and metabolism of xenobiotics. Over the past two decades, research has investigated the molecular mechanisms linking circadian clock genes with the regulation of hepatic physiological functions, using global clock-gene-knockout mice, or mice with liver-specific knockout of clock genes or clock-controlled genes. Clock dysfunction accelerates the development of liver diseases such as fatty liver diseases, cirrhosis, hepatitis and liver cancer, and these disorders also disrupt clock function. Food is an important regulator of circadian clocks in peripheral tissues. Thus, controlling the timing of food consumption and food composition, a concept known as chrononutrition, is one area of active research to aid recovery from many physiological dysfunctions. In this Review, we focus on the molecular mechanisms of hepatic circadian gene regulation and the relationships between hepatic circadian clock systems and liver physiology and disease. We concentrate on experimental data obtained from cell or mice and rat models and discuss how these findings translate into clinical research, and we highlight the latest developments in chrononutritional studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalNature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Circadian Rhythm
Liver Diseases
Circadian Clocks
Liver
Gene Knockout Techniques
Food
Research
Genes
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Xenobiotics
Fatty Liver
Liver Neoplasms
Knockout Mice
Liver Cirrhosis
Energy Metabolism
Hepatitis
Hypothalamus
Homeostasis
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Cite this

@article{3a43fe614bae4b3eb39591ddf86a4aff,
title = "Circadian rhythms of liver physiology and disease: Experimental and clinical evidence",
abstract = "The circadian clock system consists of a central clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus and peripheral clocks in peripheral tissues. Peripheral clocks in the liver have fundamental roles in maintaining liver homeostasis, including the regulation of energy metabolism and the expression of enzymes controlling the absorption and metabolism of xenobiotics. Over the past two decades, research has investigated the molecular mechanisms linking circadian clock genes with the regulation of hepatic physiological functions, using global clock-gene-knockout mice, or mice with liver-specific knockout of clock genes or clock-controlled genes. Clock dysfunction accelerates the development of liver diseases such as fatty liver diseases, cirrhosis, hepatitis and liver cancer, and these disorders also disrupt clock function. Food is an important regulator of circadian clocks in peripheral tissues. Thus, controlling the timing of food consumption and food composition, a concept known as chrononutrition, is one area of active research to aid recovery from many physiological dysfunctions. In this Review, we focus on the molecular mechanisms of hepatic circadian gene regulation and the relationships between hepatic circadian clock systems and liver physiology and disease. We concentrate on experimental data obtained from cell or mice and rat models and discuss how these findings translate into clinical research, and we highlight the latest developments in chrononutritional studies.",
author = "Yu Tahara and Shigenobu Shibata",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/nrgastro.2016.8",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "217--226",
journal = "Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology",
issn = "1759-5045",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Circadian rhythms of liver physiology and disease

T2 - Experimental and clinical evidence

AU - Tahara, Yu

AU - Shibata, Shigenobu

PY - 2016/4/1

Y1 - 2016/4/1

N2 - The circadian clock system consists of a central clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus and peripheral clocks in peripheral tissues. Peripheral clocks in the liver have fundamental roles in maintaining liver homeostasis, including the regulation of energy metabolism and the expression of enzymes controlling the absorption and metabolism of xenobiotics. Over the past two decades, research has investigated the molecular mechanisms linking circadian clock genes with the regulation of hepatic physiological functions, using global clock-gene-knockout mice, or mice with liver-specific knockout of clock genes or clock-controlled genes. Clock dysfunction accelerates the development of liver diseases such as fatty liver diseases, cirrhosis, hepatitis and liver cancer, and these disorders also disrupt clock function. Food is an important regulator of circadian clocks in peripheral tissues. Thus, controlling the timing of food consumption and food composition, a concept known as chrononutrition, is one area of active research to aid recovery from many physiological dysfunctions. In this Review, we focus on the molecular mechanisms of hepatic circadian gene regulation and the relationships between hepatic circadian clock systems and liver physiology and disease. We concentrate on experimental data obtained from cell or mice and rat models and discuss how these findings translate into clinical research, and we highlight the latest developments in chrononutritional studies.

AB - The circadian clock system consists of a central clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus and peripheral clocks in peripheral tissues. Peripheral clocks in the liver have fundamental roles in maintaining liver homeostasis, including the regulation of energy metabolism and the expression of enzymes controlling the absorption and metabolism of xenobiotics. Over the past two decades, research has investigated the molecular mechanisms linking circadian clock genes with the regulation of hepatic physiological functions, using global clock-gene-knockout mice, or mice with liver-specific knockout of clock genes or clock-controlled genes. Clock dysfunction accelerates the development of liver diseases such as fatty liver diseases, cirrhosis, hepatitis and liver cancer, and these disorders also disrupt clock function. Food is an important regulator of circadian clocks in peripheral tissues. Thus, controlling the timing of food consumption and food composition, a concept known as chrononutrition, is one area of active research to aid recovery from many physiological dysfunctions. In this Review, we focus on the molecular mechanisms of hepatic circadian gene regulation and the relationships between hepatic circadian clock systems and liver physiology and disease. We concentrate on experimental data obtained from cell or mice and rat models and discuss how these findings translate into clinical research, and we highlight the latest developments in chrononutritional studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959094387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84959094387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nrgastro.2016.8

DO - 10.1038/nrgastro.2016.8

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 217

EP - 226

JO - Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology

JF - Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology

SN - 1759-5045

IS - 4

ER -