Circadian variation of thermoregulatory responses during exercise in rats

H. Tanaka, M. Yanase, Kazuyuki Kanosue, T. Nakayama

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Rats exercised on a treadmill at daytime lows and nighttime highs of circadian change in body temperature at two different work intensities [40 and 60% of maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2(max))] with the ambient temperature (T(a)) at 24°C. Immediately before exercise at 60% V̇O2(max), rectal temperature (T(re)) was 0.7°C higher at night than during the day. During the exercise, T(re) rose more during the day than at night, and T(re) at the end of exercise was the same in the day as at night. Threshold T(re) for tail vasodilation did not differ between day and night. Similar tendencies of T(re) change and tail vasomotor response were observed at a work intensity of 40% V̇O2(max), except that the rise in T(re) was smaller than at the higher work intensity. On the other hand, threshold T(re) for tail vasodilation spontaneously occurring in resting rats in a warm environment (T(a) of 28°C) was 0.7°C higher at night than during the day. In conclusion, exercise in rats attenuates the differences in deep body temperature and threshold T(re) for tail vasodilation seen between day and night.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number4 27-4
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes



  • body temperature
  • circadian rhythm
  • tail vasomotor response
  • temperature regulation
  • treadmill running

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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