Citric acid accumulation by cycloheximide-sensitive mutant strains of Aspergillus niger

S. Rugsaseel, K. Kirimura, S. Usami

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Abstract

Mutants having impaired protein synthesis, that is cycloheximide-sensitive mutants of a citric-acid-hyper-accumulating strain, were induced from Aspergillus niger WU-2223L. Selection was on the basis of a presumption that the mutants should be more sensitive to cycloheximide than WU-2223L. In shake culture without methanol as a promotor substance, seven mutants accumulated approximately 1.8-3.5 times as much citric acid as WU-2223L. The best mutant, CHM I-C3, accumulated 69.4 mg citric acid/ml from 120 mg glucose/ml in shake culture without methanol, this amount being 1.1 times the amount accumulated by WU-2223L with methanol. Furthermore, under the conditions without methanol the mutants appeared to be more efficient than WU-2223L in employing the consumed glucose for the accumulation of citric acid. It was also confirmed that CHM I-C3 exhibited a significantly increased level of intracellular NH4+ accumulation. The addition of 2% (v/v) methanol or 20 μg cycloheximide/ml to the medium caused a remarkable increase of citric acid accumulation by WU-2223L: about 3.1 and 2.4 times respectively. However, the addition of these substances produced negative effects on citric acid accumulation by the mutants. With 2% (v/v) methanol, WU-2223L showed a remarkably decreased level of protein accumulation but a substantially increased level of intracellular NH4+ accumulation. However, these phenomena were also observed in CHM I-C3 without methanol. These results indicate that the intracellular circumstances of the cycloheximide-sensitive mutants without methanol were similar to those of WU-2223L with methanol, and that the impairment of protein synthesis contributed to increased citric acid accumulation by the mutants in the absence of methanol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume45
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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