A kaolinite-poly(vinylpyrrolidone) intercalation compound has been prepared by the intercalation of an N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone monomer (VP) and subsequent heat treatment. The intercalation of VP was achieved by treating a kaolinite-ammonium acetate intercalation compound with a VP aqueous solution. The basal spacing decreased from 14.2 to 12.6 , and infra-red spectroscopy (IR) and solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance with cross polarization and magic angle spinning techniques (13C CP/MAS NMR) showed the displacement of ammonium acetate by VP. When the kaolinite-VP intercalation compound was heated at 200°C for 1 h, the basal spacing did not vary. The IR and 13C CP/MAS NMR spectra showed the disappearance of vinyl groups and became similar to those of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP). These results clearly indicate the polymerization of VP between the layers of kaolinite.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi/Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites