Cloning of a gene encoding flavin reductase coupling with dibenzothiophene monooxygenase through coexpression screening using indigo production as selective indication

Toshiki Furuya, Shusuke Takahashi, Yoshitaka Ishii, Kuniki Kino, Kohtaro Kirimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermophilic dibenzothiophene (DBT)-desulfurizing bacterium, Bacillus subtilis WU-S2B, possesses the ability to convert DBT to 2-hydroxybiphenyl with the release of inorganic sulfur over a wide temperature range up to 50°C. The conversion is initiated by consecutive sulfur atom-specific oxidations by two monooxygenases, and flavin reductase is essential in combination with these flavin-dependent monooxygenases. The recombinant Escherichia coli cells expressing the DBT monooxygenase gene (bdsC) from B. subtilis WU-S2B also oxidize indole to blue pigment indigo in the presence of a heterologous flavin reductase. Thus, to clone a gene encoding flavin reductase from B. subtilis WU-S2B, indigo production by coexpression of the gene with bdsC in E. coli was used as a selection. Using this method, the corresponding gene (frb) was obtained from a recombinant strain forming a blue colony due to indigo production on a nutrient agar plate, and it was confirmed that this gene product Frb exhibited flavin reductase activity. The deduced amino acid sequence of frb consists of 174 amino acid residues and shares 61% identity with that of nitroreductase (YwrO) of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. In addition, coexpression of frb with the DBT-desulfurization genes (bdsABC) from B. subtilis WU-S2B was critical for high DBT-desulfurizing ability over a wide temperature range of 20-55°C. This coexpression screening using indigo production as selective indication may be widely applicable for cloning novel genes encoding either component of flavin reductase or flavin-dependent monooxygenase which efficiently couples with the other component in two-component monooxygenases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-575
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume313
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 16

Keywords

  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Desulfurization
  • Dibenzothiophene
  • Flavin reductase
  • Flavin-dependent monooxygenase
  • Indigo production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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