Cloning, sequencing and expressing the carotenoid biosynthesis genes, lycopene cyclase and phytoene desaturase, from the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium Erythrobacter longus sp. strain Och101 in Escherichia coli

Haruo Matsumura, Haruko Takeyama, Etsuko Kusakabe, J. Grant Burgess, Tadashi Matsunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two genes which encode the enzymes lycopene cyclase and phytoene desaturase in the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium Erythrobacter longus sp. strain Och101 have been cloned and sequenced. The gene for lycopene cyclase, designated crtY, was expressed in a strain of Escherichia coli which contained the crtE, B, I and Z genes encoding geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, phytoene synthase, phytoene desaturase, and β-carotene hydroxylase, respectively. As a result, zeaxanthin production was observed in E. coli transformants. In addition, expression of the E. longus gene crtI for phytoene desaturase in E. coli containing crtE and B resulted in the accumulation of lycopene in transformants. Zeaxanthin and lycopene were also determined by mass spectrum. Nucleotide sequence similarities between E. longus crtY gene and other microbial lycopene cyclase genes are 40.2% (Erwinia herbicola), 37.4% (Erwinia uredovora) and 22.9% (Synechococcus sp.), and those between phytoene desaturase genes are 50.3% (E. herbicola), 54.7% (E. uredovora) and 39.6% (Rhodobacter capsulatus).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalGene
Volume189
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Apr 21
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lycopene
  • crtI
  • crtY
  • β-carotene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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