Cognitive Function of Elderly Persons in Japanese Neighborhoods

The Role of Street Layout

MohammadJavad Koohsari, Tomoki Nakaya, Gavin R. McCormack, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Koichiro Oka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine (a) associations of two metric and space syntax measures of street layout with the cognitive function of Japanese older adults and (b) the extent to which objectively assessed physical activity mediated such associations. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 277 older adults who lived in Japan were used. Street layout attributes were objectively calculated for each participant’s geocoded home location. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to evaluate cognitive function. Physical activity was objectively assessed with accelerometers. Results: There was a statistically significant negative association between street integration and the odds of having cognitive impairment. Objectively assessed physical activity did not attenuate this relationship. Conclusions: Our findings provide unique evidence regarding the importance of the topological aspects of street layouts in (re)designing neighborhoods to support mental illness.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Cognition
Exercise
Geographic Mapping
Japan
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • ageing
  • built environment
  • cognitive impairment
  • elderly
  • mental illness
  • urban design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Cognitive Function of Elderly Persons in Japanese Neighborhoods : The Role of Street Layout. / Koohsari, MohammadJavad; Nakaya, Tomoki; McCormack, Gavin R.; Shibata, Ai; Ishii, Kaori; Yasunaga, Akitomo; Oka, Koichiro.

In: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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