Coleman-Weinberg mechanism in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is argued that a continuous quantum phase transition between different ordered phases in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates predicted by the mean-field theory is vulnerable to quantum fluctuations. By analyzing Lee-Huang-Yang corrections in the condensate, we demonstrate that the so-called Coleman-Weinberg mechanism takes place in such a transition, that is, the transition becomes of the first order by quantum fluctuations. A jump to be expected in this first-order transition is induced by a correction from density fluctuations despite a transition between different magnetic properties with keeping condensation. We exemplify this with an experimentally relevant case and show that a measurement of a condensate depletion can be utilized to confirm the first-order transition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number30004
JournalEPL
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

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Bose-Einstein condensates
condensates
depletion
condensation
magnetic properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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Coleman-Weinberg mechanism in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates. / Uchino, Shun.

In: EPL, Vol. 107, No. 3, 30004, 01.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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