Collapse of a differentially rotating supermassive star

Motoyuki Saijo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

We investigate the gravitational collapse of rapidly rotating relativistic supermassive stars by means of a 3+1 hydrodynamical simulations in conformally flat spacetime of general relativity. We study the evolution of differentially rotating supermassive stars of q = J/M2 ~ 1 (J is the angular momentum and M is the gravitational mass of the star) from R/M ~ 65 (R is the circumferential radius of the star) to the point where the conformally flat approximation breaks down. We find that the collapse of the star of q ≿ 1, a radially unstable differentially rotating star form a black hole of q ≿ 1. The main reason to prevent the formation of a black hole of q ≿ 1 is that quite a large amount of the angular momentum stays at the surface. We also find that the collapse is coherent and that it likely leads to the formation of a supermassive black hole with no appreciable disk nor bar. In the absence of nonaxisymmetric deformation, the collapse of differentially rotating supermassive stars are the promising sources of burst and quasinormal ringing waves in the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Tenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting
Subtitle of host publicationOn Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation and Relativistic Field Theories
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Pages1616-1618
Number of pages3
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9789812704030
ISBN (Print)9789812566676
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

supermassive stars
stars
angular momentum
LISA (observatory)
gravitational collapse
guy wires
relativity
bursts
breakdown
radii
approximation
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Saijo, M. (2006). Collapse of a differentially rotating supermassive star. In The Tenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting: On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation and Relativistic Field Theories (Vol. 2, pp. 1616-1618). World Scientific Publishing Co.. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812704030_0163

Collapse of a differentially rotating supermassive star. / Saijo, Motoyuki.

The Tenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting: On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation and Relativistic Field Theories. Vol. 2 World Scientific Publishing Co., 2006. p. 1616-1618.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Saijo, M 2006, Collapse of a differentially rotating supermassive star. in The Tenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting: On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation and Relativistic Field Theories. vol. 2, World Scientific Publishing Co., pp. 1616-1618. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812704030_0163
Saijo M. Collapse of a differentially rotating supermassive star. In The Tenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting: On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation and Relativistic Field Theories. Vol. 2. World Scientific Publishing Co. 2006. p. 1616-1618 https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812704030_0163
Saijo, Motoyuki. / Collapse of a differentially rotating supermassive star. The Tenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting: On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation and Relativistic Field Theories. Vol. 2 World Scientific Publishing Co., 2006. pp. 1616-1618
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