Using an unbiased quantum MonteCarlo method, we obtain convincing evidence of the existence of a checkerboard supersolid at a commensurate filling factor 1/2 (a commensurate supersolid) in the soft-core Bose-Hubbard model with nearest-neighbor repulsions on a cubic lattice. In conventional cases, supersolids are realized at incommensurate filling factors by a doped-defect-condensation mechanism, where particles (holes) doped into a perfect crystal act as interstitials (vacancies) and delocalize in the crystal order. However, in the model, a supersolid state is stabilized even at the commensurate filling factor 1/2 without doping. By performing grand canonical simulations, we obtain a ground-state phase diagram that suggests the existence of a supersolid at a commensurate filling. To obtain direct evidence of the commensurate supersolid, we next perform simulations in canonical ensembles at a particle density ρ=1/2 and exclude the possibility of phase separation. From the obtained snapshots, we discuss its microscopic structure and observe that interstitial-vacancy pairs are unbound in the crystal order.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)