An anionic polymer coating produced by ultraviolet curing and thermosetting to suppress polysulfide dissolution of the sulfur cathode for lithium-sulfur batteries was investigated. An sulfur/Ketjenblack cathode with a high sulfur loading of 10 mg cm-2 was prepared using a three-dimensional foam current collector. From the current rate and cycle characteristics, the cross-linked polymer coating suppressed the polysulfide dissolution, and the discharge capacities were 1031 and 414 mAh g-1-sulfur at 0.1 and 1.0C, respectively. In a long-term cycle test of 300 cycles, a capacity retention rate was 41%. An average coulombic efficiency was 91% throughout the cycles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry