Comparative analysis of tsunami recovery strategies in small communities in Japan and Chile

Ven Paolo Bruno Valenzuela, Ratnayakage Sameera Maduranga Samarasekara, A. H.T.Shyam Kularathna, G. Carlota Cubelos Perez, Furukawa Norikazu, Richard Nathan Crichton, Marco Quiroz, Ramon Yavar, Ikeda Izumi, Rafael Aranguiz, Onuki Motoharu, Miguel Esteban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction emphasizes the need to rebuild better after a disaster to ensure that the at-risk communities can withstand a similar or stronger shock in the future. In the present work, the authors analyzed the reconstruction paths through a comparative analysis of the perspective of a community in Japan and another in Chile, and their respective local governments. While both countries are at risk to tsunamis, they follow different reconstruction philosophies. Data was gathered through key informant interviews of community members and local government officials, by adapting and modifying the Building Resilience to Adapt to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) 3As framework to a tsunami scenario. The 3As represent anticipatory, adaptive, and absorptive capacities as well as transformative capacities and respondents were asked to rate this according to their perspectives. It was found that while both communities perceive that much is to be done in recovery, Kirikiri has a more holistic and similar perspective of the recovery with their government officials as compared to Dichato. This shows that community reconstruction and recovery from a disaster requires a holistic participation and understanding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Chile
  • Disaster risk management
  • Japan
  • Tsunami recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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