Comparison of evaluation indices for acute subdural hematoma occurrence under occipital impact and effectiveness of head protector in judo

Kazuki Affla, Masaki Omiya, Misaki Iteya, Takeshi Kamitani, Taisuke Tomatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Beginning in 2012, judo has been selected to be a compulsory course in junior high schools in Japan. However, the number of participants, in particular beginners, who die or are injured in judo is higher than that for other sports. For this reason, there is a fear that there will be a drastic increase in the number of judo-related accidents leading to death or injury in junior high schools. The most serious form of head injury is acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). The purpose of the present study is to compare ASDH occurrence indices and to evaluate the effectiveness of using head protectors. Based on measurements of head acceleration during falling, the Head Injury Criterion (HIC), maximum angular acceleration and angular velocity variation range were calculated. The results indicated that the relative displacement between the brain and skull was most strongly correlated with the angular velocity variation range, which is thus a candidate evaluation index for ASDH. The results also suggest that in order to prevent ASDH, a head protector should be made of shock absorbing materials with a small coefficient of restitution, so as to reduce the rebound velocity of the skull after occipital impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1631-1641
Number of pages11
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Volume78
Issue number796
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Angular velocity
Sports
Brain
Accidents

Keywords

  • Acute subdural hematoma
  • Biomechanics
  • Head protector
  • Impact biomechanics
  • Injury
  • Judo
  • Sports biomechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Beginning in 2012, judo has been selected to be a compulsory course in junior high schools in Japan. However, the number of participants, in particular beginners, who die or are injured in judo is higher than that for other sports. For this reason, there is a fear that there will be a drastic increase in the number of judo-related accidents leading to death or injury in junior high schools. The most serious form of head injury is acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). The purpose of the present study is to compare ASDH occurrence indices and to evaluate the effectiveness of using head protectors. Based on measurements of head acceleration during falling, the Head Injury Criterion (HIC), maximum angular acceleration and angular velocity variation range were calculated. The results indicated that the relative displacement between the brain and skull was most strongly correlated with the angular velocity variation range, which is thus a candidate evaluation index for ASDH. The results also suggest that in order to prevent ASDH, a head protector should be made of shock absorbing materials with a small coefficient of restitution, so as to reduce the rebound velocity of the skull after occipital impact.",
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AU - Omiya, Masaki

AU - Iteya, Misaki

AU - Kamitani, Takeshi

AU - Tomatsu, Taisuke

PY - 2012

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KW - Impact biomechanics

KW - Injury

KW - Judo

KW - Sports biomechanics

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