Comparison of the Reactivities of Neutral and Cationic Organopalladium Complexes toward CO, Isocyanides, and Olefins

Yoshihito Kayaki, Isao Shimizu, Akio Yamamoto

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Abstract

Cationic solvent-coordinated organopalladium complexes [PdR(solvent)(L)2]+A- 2 (R = organic group, L = tertiary phosphine, A = counter anion such as BF4, PF6, and triflate) have been prepared by removal of the halide ligand X in neutral complexes. [PdR(X)(L)2] 1 with an equimolar amount of silver salt. The cationic complexes 2 show much greater rates of CO insertion than the parent neutral complexes 1. Comparison of the reactivities of 2 and of the other cationic complexes [PdMe(Y)(L)2]+ (Y = strongly coordinating ligand such as tertiary phosphine, pyridine, and isocyanide) toward CO insertion indicates that availability of the site for incoming CO is a dominant factor in determining their reactivities. In contrast, insertion of isocyanides into Pd-C bond is not hindered by occupation of the vacant site in the organopalladium complexes. Successive hetero-insertions of isocyanide and CO into Mc-Pd bond, i.e., CO insertion into the 1-iminoalkyl-Pd bond and isocyanide insertion into the acetyl-Pd, were realized. Olefins were found not to undergo the insertion into Pd-Me bond in phosphine-coordinated complexes, whereas insertion of methyl acrylate into the Me-Pd bond in a cationic complex having bipyridine ligand was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-927
Number of pages11
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume70
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Apr

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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