Comparison of two recent storm surge events based on results of field surveys

Ryota Nakamura, Tomoya Shibayama, Takahito Mikami, Miguel Esteban, Hiroshi Takagi, Martin Maell, Takumu Iwamoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper compares two different types of storm surge disaster based on field surveys. Two cases: a severe storm surge flood with its height of over 5 m due to Typhoon Haiyan (2013) in Philippine, and inundation of storm surge around Nemuro city in Hokkaido of Japan with its maximum surge height of 2.8 m caused by extra-tropical cyclone are taken as examples. For the case of the Typhoon Haiyan, buildings located in coastal region were severely affected due to a rapidly increase in ocean surface. The non-engineering buildings were partially or completely destroyed due to their debris transported to an inner bay region. In fact, several previous reports indicated two unique features, bore-like wave and remarkably high speed currents. These characteristics of the storm surge may contribute to a wide-spread corruption for the buildings around the affected region. Furthermore, in the region where the surge height was nearly 3 m, the wooden houses were completely or partially destroyed. On the other hand, in Nemuro city, a degree of suffering in human and facility caused by the storm surge is minor. There was almost no partially destroyed residential houses even though the height of storm surge reached nearly 2.8 m. An observation in the tide station in Nemuro indicated that this was a usual type of storm surge, which showed a gradual increase of sea level height in several hours without possessing the unique characteristics like Typhoon Haiyan. As a result, not only the height of storm surge but also the robustness of the buildings and characteristics of storm surge, such as bore like wave and strong currents, determined the existent of devastation in coastal regions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017
Subtitle of host publicationSustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience
EditorsHamidi Abdul Aziz, Mohd Rosli Mohd Hasan, Muhd Harris Ramli, Herni Halim, Choong Kok Keong, Badorul Hisham Abu Bakar, Megat Azmi Megat Johari, Mohd Suffian Yusoff
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415744
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 16
EventInternational Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience, IGNITE-AICCE 2017 - Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 2017 Aug 82017 Aug 9

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1892
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherInternational Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience, IGNITE-AICCE 2017
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityPenang
Period17/8/817/8/9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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