Competition over High-income Workers: Job Growth and Access to Labour in Atlanta

Miwa Matsuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Access to a large labour pool (labour pooling) leads to local economic concentrations through agglomeration economies. However, these concentrations may be self-limiting by reducing labour availability through competition over high-skill workers. This paper examines whether labour pooling and labour availability of workers with different incomes account for local job growth in the Atlanta metropolitan area between 2000 and 2006. Workers' income is employed to account for the human capital of workers, including education and skills. It is found that the availability of high-income workers is the only positive significant factor for job growth and the spatial size of the effect is larger than the traffic analysis zone (neighbourhood scale). In contrast, no labour pooling indicators show a positive association with job growth. The finding casts doubt on labour pooling effects at the intraregional level and suggests avenues for further research on local-area agglomeration economies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1634-1652
Number of pages19
JournalUrban Studies
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • agglomeration economies
  • Atlanta
  • economic development
  • job growth
  • labour accessibility
  • labour market
  • spatial autocorrelation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Urban Studies

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