Prediction of the redox behavior of electroactive molecules enables screening of a variety of compounds and can serve as a guideline in the search for organic molecules for use as cathode materials in, for example, Li ion batteries. In this study, we present a computational strategy, based on density functional theory, to calculate redox potentials and acid dissociation constants for a series of 16 isoindole-4,7-dione (IID) derivatives. The calculations take all possible electron and proton transfers into account, and the results were found to correlate very well with electrochemical and spectroscopic measurements. The possibility of polymerizing the IID derivatives was also assessed computationally, as polymerization serves as a straightforward route to immobilize the active material. Three of the considered IIDs (5,6-dicyano-2-methyl-isoindole-4,7-dione, 5,6-dihydroxy-2-methyl-isoindole-4,7- dione, and 2-methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-isoindole-4,7-dione) are predicted to be particularly interesting for making polymers for organic cathodes because these are calculated to have high redox potentials and high specific capacities and to be readily polymerizable. The presented strategy is general and can be applied in the prediction of the electrochemical behavior of quinones as well as other systems involving proton and electron transfers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry