Concentration of rare metals from printed wiring board of small electronic appliances

Shuji Owada, Sou Kageyama, Chikako Koga, Akira Otsuki, Chiharu Tokoro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A new resources recycling system is proposed, the concept of "Reserve of (waste) to Stock (RtoS)" to create "Artificial Resources Deposit", which involves collection of wasted home electronic appliances from citizens, disassembly of electronic devices, concentration of rare metals in the devices, extraction of rare metals from the concentrate, and also proposing the stock system of the concentrates, for recovering rare metals from the scrap devices in the future. In especial, the target material in the paper was scrap mobile phones, which contain considerable amounts of common, precious and rare metals. The former two kinds of metals have been almost recovered by various pyro-and hydrometallurgical processes. However, most of the rare metals, essential to produce modern electronic devices, are usually discarded every year, which cannot be recovered by conventional nonferrous metals smelting and refining processes. This paper describes the possibility to concentrate the rare metals in electronic devices by application of comminution and physical separation technologies, followed by the application of some novel metallurgical processes to extract them. It is intended to combine (1) comminution to liberate installed devices by a new method and (2) various physical separation techniques to separate electronic parts from each other ("parts separation") and to separate comminuted particles by their composition ("powder separation"). Several kinds of rare metals have been concentrated by the above process which will be expected to be stocked.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2009
Pages149-160
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Event5th European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2009 - Innsbruck, Austria
Duration: 2009 Jun 282009 Jul 1

Publication series

NameProceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2009
Volume1

Conference

Conference5th European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2009
CountryAustria
CityInnsbruck
Period09/6/2809/7/1

Keywords

  • Electronic appliances
  • Printed wiring boards
  • Rare metals
  • Recycling
  • WEEE pyro-and hydrometallurgy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys

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  • Cite this

    Owada, S., Kageyama, S., Koga, C., Otsuki, A., & Tokoro, C. (2009). Concentration of rare metals from printed wiring board of small electronic appliances. In Proceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2009 (pp. 149-160). (Proceedings - European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2009; Vol. 1).