Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission

Makoto Tashiro, Hironori Maejima, Kenichi Toda, Richard Kelley, Lillian Reichenthal, James Lobell, Robert Petre, Matteo Guainazzi, Elisa Costantini, Mark Edison, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Martin Grim, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Jan Willem Den Herder, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Stéphane Paltani, Kyoko Matsushita, Koji Mori, Gary Sneiderman, Yoh Takei & 161 others Yukikatsu Terada, Hiroshi Tomida, Hiroki Akamatsu, Lorella Angelini, Yoshitaka Arai, Hisamitsu Awaki, Lurli Babyk, Aya Bamba, Peter Barfknecht, Kim Barnstable, Thomas Bialas, Branimir Blagojevic, Joseph Bonafede, Clifford Brambora, Laura Brenneman, Greg Brown, Kimberly Brown, Laura Burns, Edgar Canavan, Tim Carnahan, Meng Chiao, Brian Comber, Lia Corrales, Cor De Vries, Johannes Dercksen, Maria DIaz-Trigo, Tyrone DIllard, Michael DIpirro, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Carlo Ferrigno, Yutaka Fujita, Yasushi Fukazawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Luigi Gallo, Steve Graham, Liyi Gu, Kohichi Hagino, Kenji Hamaguchi, Isamu Hatsukade, Dean Hawes, Takayuki Hayashi, Cailey Hegarty, Natalie Hell, Junko Hiraga, Edmund Hodges-Kluck, Matt Holland, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, Yuto Ichinohe, Ryo Iizuka, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Kosei Ishimura, Bryan James, Timothy Kallman, Erin Kara, Satoru Katsuda, Steven Kenyon, Caroline Kilbourne, Mark Kimball, Takao Kitaguchi, Shunji Kitamoto, Shogo Kobayashi, Takayoshi Kohmura, Shu Koyama, Aya Kubota, Maurice Leutenegger, Tom Lockard, Mike Loewenstein, Yoshitomo Maeda, Lynette Marbley, Maxim Markevitch, Connor Martz, Hironori Matsumoto, Keiichi Matsuzaki, Dan McCammon, Brian McNamara, Joseph Miko, Eric Miller, Jon Miller, Kenji Minesugi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Hideyuki Mori, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Hiroshi Nakajima, Hideto Nakamura, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Chikara Natsukari, Kenichiro Nigo, Yusuke Nishioka, Kumiko Nobukawa, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Hirokazu Odaka, Mina Ogawa, Takaya Ohashi, Masahiro Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Okajima, Atsushi Okamoto, Michitaka Onizuka, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Paul Plucinsky, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Hiromi Seta, Ken Shelton, Yasuko Shibano, Maki Shida, Megumi Shidatsu, Peter Shirron, Aurora Simionescu, Randall Smith, Kazunori Someya, Yang Soong, Yasuharu Suagawara, Andy Szymkowiak, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Toru Tamagawa, Takayuki Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yuichi Terashima, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hideki Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shinichiro Uno, Thomas Walsh, Shin Watanabe, Brian Williams, Rob Wolfs, Michael Wright, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Noriko Yamasaki, Shigeo Yamauchi, Makoto Yamauchi, Keiichi Yanagase, Tahir Yaqoob, Susumu Yasuda, Nasa Yoshioka, Jaime Zabala, Zhuravleva Irina

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,"Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy".1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: "Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects". To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018
    Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
    EditorsShouleh Nikzad, Jan-Willem A. Den Herder, Kazuhiro Nakazawa
    PublisherSPIE
    Volume10699
    ISBN (Print)9781510619517
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
    EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Austin, United States
    Duration: 2018 Jun 102018 Jun 15

    Other

    OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
    CountryUnited States
    CityAustin
    Period18/6/1018/6/15

    Fingerprint

    X-ray Astronomy
    Astronomy
    astronomy
    High Resolution Spectroscopy
    Recovery
    recovery
    X rays
    Calorimeter
    Soft X-ray
    X-ray Spectroscopy
    Astrophysics
    x rays
    Charge
    X ray spectroscopy
    Calorimeters
    X-ray Mirror
    universe
    Plasma Physics
    Attitude Control
    astrophysics

    Keywords

    • CCD
    • microcalorimeter
    • X-ray
    • X-ray Astronomy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

    Cite this

    Tashiro, M., Maejima, H., Toda, K., Kelley, R., Reichenthal, L., Lobell, J., ... Irina, Z. (2018). Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. In S. Nikzad, J-W. A. Den Herder, & K. Nakazawa (Eds.), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray (Vol. 10699). [1069922] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455

    Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. / Tashiro, Makoto; Maejima, Hironori; Toda, Kenichi; Kelley, Richard; Reichenthal, Lillian; Lobell, James; Petre, Robert; Guainazzi, Matteo; Costantini, Elisa; Edison, Mark; Fujimoto, Ryuichi; Grim, Martin; Hayashida, Kiyoshi; Den Herder, Jan Willem; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka; Paltani, Stéphane; Matsushita, Kyoko; Mori, Koji; Sneiderman, Gary; Takei, Yoh; Terada, Yukikatsu; Tomida, Hiroshi; Akamatsu, Hiroki; Angelini, Lorella; Arai, Yoshitaka; Awaki, Hisamitsu; Babyk, Lurli; Bamba, Aya; Barfknecht, Peter; Barnstable, Kim; Bialas, Thomas; Blagojevic, Branimir; Bonafede, Joseph; Brambora, Clifford; Brenneman, Laura; Brown, Greg; Brown, Kimberly; Burns, Laura; Canavan, Edgar; Carnahan, Tim; Chiao, Meng; Comber, Brian; Corrales, Lia; De Vries, Cor; Dercksen, Johannes; DIaz-Trigo, Maria; DIllard, Tyrone; DIpirro, Michael; Done, Chris; Dotani, Tadayasu; Ebisawa, Ken; Eckart, Megan; Enoto, Teruaki; Ezoe, Yuichiro; Ferrigno, Carlo; Fujita, Yutaka; Fukazawa, Yasushi; Furuzawa, Akihiro; Gallo, Luigi; Graham, Steve; Gu, Liyi; Hagino, Kohichi; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Hatsukade, Isamu; Hawes, Dean; Hayashi, Takayuki; Hegarty, Cailey; Hell, Natalie; Hiraga, Junko; Hodges-Kluck, Edmund; Holland, Matt; Hornschemeier, Ann; Hoshino, Akio; Ichinohe, Yuto; Iizuka, Ryo; Ishibashi, Kazunori; Ishida, Manabu; Ishikawa, Kumi; Ishimura, Kosei; James, Bryan; Kallman, Timothy; Kara, Erin; Katsuda, Satoru; Kenyon, Steven; Kilbourne, Caroline; Kimball, Mark; Kitaguchi, Takao; Kitamoto, Shunji; Kobayashi, Shogo; Kohmura, Takayoshi; Koyama, Shu; Kubota, Aya; Leutenegger, Maurice; Lockard, Tom; Loewenstein, Mike; Maeda, Yoshitomo; Marbley, Lynette; Markevitch, Maxim; Martz, Connor; Matsumoto, Hironori; Matsuzaki, Keiichi; McCammon, Dan; McNamara, Brian; Miko, Joseph; Miller, Eric; Miller, Jon; Minesugi, Kenji; Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki; Mizuno, Tsunefumi; Mori, Hideyuki; Mukai, Koji; Murakami, Hiroshi; Mushotzky, Richard; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Hideto; Nakashima, Shinya; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro; Natsukari, Chikara; Nigo, Kenichiro; Nishioka, Yusuke; Nobukawa, Kumiko; Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Noda, Hirofumi; Odaka, Hirokazu; Ogawa, Mina; Ohashi, Takaya; Ohno, Masahiro; Ohta, Masayuki; Okajima, Takashi; Okamoto, Atsushi; Onizuka, Michitaka; Ota, Naomi; Ozaki, Masanobu; Plucinsky, Paul; Porter, F. Scott; Pottschmidt, Katja; Sato, Kosuke; Sato, Rie; Sawada, Makoto; Seta, Hiromi; Shelton, Ken; Shibano, Yasuko; Shida, Maki; Shidatsu, Megumi; Shirron, Peter; Simionescu, Aurora; Smith, Randall; Someya, Kazunori; Soong, Yang; Suagawara, Yasuharu; Szymkowiak, Andy; Takahashi, Hiromitsu; Tamagawa, Toru; Tamura, Takayuki; Tanaka, Takaaki; Terashima, Yuichi; Tsuboi, Yohko; Tsujimoto, Masahiro; Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Tsuru, Takeshi; Uchida, Hiroyuki; Uchiyama, Hideki; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Uno, Shinichiro; Walsh, Thomas; Watanabe, Shin; Williams, Brian; Wolfs, Rob; Wright, Michael; Yamada, Shinya; Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Yamaoka, Kazutaka; Yamasaki, Noriko; Yamauchi, Shigeo; Yamauchi, Makoto; Yanagase, Keiichi; Yaqoob, Tahir; Yasuda, Susumu; Yoshioka, Nasa; Zabala, Jaime; Irina, Zhuravleva.

    Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. ed. / Shouleh Nikzad; Jan-Willem A. Den Herder; Kazuhiro Nakazawa. Vol. 10699 SPIE, 2018. 1069922.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Tashiro, M, Maejima, H, Toda, K, Kelley, R, Reichenthal, L, Lobell, J, Petre, R, Guainazzi, M, Costantini, E, Edison, M, Fujimoto, R, Grim, M, Hayashida, K, Den Herder, JW, Ishisaki, Y, Paltani, S, Matsushita, K, Mori, K, Sneiderman, G, Takei, Y, Terada, Y, Tomida, H, Akamatsu, H, Angelini, L, Arai, Y, Awaki, H, Babyk, L, Bamba, A, Barfknecht, P, Barnstable, K, Bialas, T, Blagojevic, B, Bonafede, J, Brambora, C, Brenneman, L, Brown, G, Brown, K, Burns, L, Canavan, E, Carnahan, T, Chiao, M, Comber, B, Corrales, L, De Vries, C, Dercksen, J, DIaz-Trigo, M, DIllard, T, DIpirro, M, Done, C, Dotani, T, Ebisawa, K, Eckart, M, Enoto, T, Ezoe, Y, Ferrigno, C, Fujita, Y, Fukazawa, Y, Furuzawa, A, Gallo, L, Graham, S, Gu, L, Hagino, K, Hamaguchi, K, Hatsukade, I, Hawes, D, Hayashi, T, Hegarty, C, Hell, N, Hiraga, J, Hodges-Kluck, E, Holland, M, Hornschemeier, A, Hoshino, A, Ichinohe, Y, Iizuka, R, Ishibashi, K, Ishida, M, Ishikawa, K, Ishimura, K, James, B, Kallman, T, Kara, E, Katsuda, S, Kenyon, S, Kilbourne, C, Kimball, M, Kitaguchi, T, Kitamoto, S, Kobayashi, S, Kohmura, T, Koyama, S, Kubota, A, Leutenegger, M, Lockard, T, Loewenstein, M, Maeda, Y, Marbley, L, Markevitch, M, Martz, C, Matsumoto, H, Matsuzaki, K, McCammon, D, McNamara, B, Miko, J, Miller, E, Miller, J, Minesugi, K, Mitsuishi, I, Mizuno, T, Mori, H, Mukai, K, Murakami, H, Mushotzky, R, Nakajima, H, Nakamura, H, Nakashima, S, Nakazawa, K, Natsukari, C, Nigo, K, Nishioka, Y, Nobukawa, K, Nobukawa, M, Noda, H, Odaka, H, Ogawa, M, Ohashi, T, Ohno, M, Ohta, M, Okajima, T, Okamoto, A, Onizuka, M, Ota, N, Ozaki, M, Plucinsky, P, Porter, FS, Pottschmidt, K, Sato, K, Sato, R, Sawada, M, Seta, H, Shelton, K, Shibano, Y, Shida, M, Shidatsu, M, Shirron, P, Simionescu, A, Smith, R, Someya, K, Soong, Y, Suagawara, Y, Szymkowiak, A, Takahashi, H, Tamagawa, T, Tamura, T, Tanaka, T, Terashima, Y, Tsuboi, Y, Tsujimoto, M, Tsunemi, H, Tsuru, T, Uchida, H, Uchiyama, H, Ueda, Y, Uno, S, Walsh, T, Watanabe, S, Williams, B, Wolfs, R, Wright, M, Yamada, S, Yamaguchi, H, Yamaoka, K, Yamasaki, N, Yamauchi, S, Yamauchi, M, Yanagase, K, Yaqoob, T, Yasuda, S, Yoshioka, N, Zabala, J & Irina, Z 2018, Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. in S Nikzad, J-WA Den Herder & K Nakazawa (eds), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. vol. 10699, 1069922, SPIE, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, Austin, United States, 18/6/10. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455
    Tashiro M, Maejima H, Toda K, Kelley R, Reichenthal L, Lobell J et al. Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. In Nikzad S, Den Herder J-WA, Nakazawa K, editors, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. Vol. 10699. SPIE. 2018. 1069922 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455
    Tashiro, Makoto ; Maejima, Hironori ; Toda, Kenichi ; Kelley, Richard ; Reichenthal, Lillian ; Lobell, James ; Petre, Robert ; Guainazzi, Matteo ; Costantini, Elisa ; Edison, Mark ; Fujimoto, Ryuichi ; Grim, Martin ; Hayashida, Kiyoshi ; Den Herder, Jan Willem ; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka ; Paltani, Stéphane ; Matsushita, Kyoko ; Mori, Koji ; Sneiderman, Gary ; Takei, Yoh ; Terada, Yukikatsu ; Tomida, Hiroshi ; Akamatsu, Hiroki ; Angelini, Lorella ; Arai, Yoshitaka ; Awaki, Hisamitsu ; Babyk, Lurli ; Bamba, Aya ; Barfknecht, Peter ; Barnstable, Kim ; Bialas, Thomas ; Blagojevic, Branimir ; Bonafede, Joseph ; Brambora, Clifford ; Brenneman, Laura ; Brown, Greg ; Brown, Kimberly ; Burns, Laura ; Canavan, Edgar ; Carnahan, Tim ; Chiao, Meng ; Comber, Brian ; Corrales, Lia ; De Vries, Cor ; Dercksen, Johannes ; DIaz-Trigo, Maria ; DIllard, Tyrone ; DIpirro, Michael ; Done, Chris ; Dotani, Tadayasu ; Ebisawa, Ken ; Eckart, Megan ; Enoto, Teruaki ; Ezoe, Yuichiro ; Ferrigno, Carlo ; Fujita, Yutaka ; Fukazawa, Yasushi ; Furuzawa, Akihiro ; Gallo, Luigi ; Graham, Steve ; Gu, Liyi ; Hagino, Kohichi ; Hamaguchi, Kenji ; Hatsukade, Isamu ; Hawes, Dean ; Hayashi, Takayuki ; Hegarty, Cailey ; Hell, Natalie ; Hiraga, Junko ; Hodges-Kluck, Edmund ; Holland, Matt ; Hornschemeier, Ann ; Hoshino, Akio ; Ichinohe, Yuto ; Iizuka, Ryo ; Ishibashi, Kazunori ; Ishida, Manabu ; Ishikawa, Kumi ; Ishimura, Kosei ; James, Bryan ; Kallman, Timothy ; Kara, Erin ; Katsuda, Satoru ; Kenyon, Steven ; Kilbourne, Caroline ; Kimball, Mark ; Kitaguchi, Takao ; Kitamoto, Shunji ; Kobayashi, Shogo ; Kohmura, Takayoshi ; Koyama, Shu ; Kubota, Aya ; Leutenegger, Maurice ; Lockard, Tom ; Loewenstein, Mike ; Maeda, Yoshitomo ; Marbley, Lynette ; Markevitch, Maxim ; Martz, Connor ; Matsumoto, Hironori ; Matsuzaki, Keiichi ; McCammon, Dan ; McNamara, Brian ; Miko, Joseph ; Miller, Eric ; Miller, Jon ; Minesugi, Kenji ; Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki ; Mizuno, Tsunefumi ; Mori, Hideyuki ; Mukai, Koji ; Murakami, Hiroshi ; Mushotzky, Richard ; Nakajima, Hiroshi ; Nakamura, Hideto ; Nakashima, Shinya ; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro ; Natsukari, Chikara ; Nigo, Kenichiro ; Nishioka, Yusuke ; Nobukawa, Kumiko ; Nobukawa, Masayoshi ; Noda, Hirofumi ; Odaka, Hirokazu ; Ogawa, Mina ; Ohashi, Takaya ; Ohno, Masahiro ; Ohta, Masayuki ; Okajima, Takashi ; Okamoto, Atsushi ; Onizuka, Michitaka ; Ota, Naomi ; Ozaki, Masanobu ; Plucinsky, Paul ; Porter, F. Scott ; Pottschmidt, Katja ; Sato, Kosuke ; Sato, Rie ; Sawada, Makoto ; Seta, Hiromi ; Shelton, Ken ; Shibano, Yasuko ; Shida, Maki ; Shidatsu, Megumi ; Shirron, Peter ; Simionescu, Aurora ; Smith, Randall ; Someya, Kazunori ; Soong, Yang ; Suagawara, Yasuharu ; Szymkowiak, Andy ; Takahashi, Hiromitsu ; Tamagawa, Toru ; Tamura, Takayuki ; Tanaka, Takaaki ; Terashima, Yuichi ; Tsuboi, Yohko ; Tsujimoto, Masahiro ; Tsunemi, Hiroshi ; Tsuru, Takeshi ; Uchida, Hiroyuki ; Uchiyama, Hideki ; Ueda, Yoshihiro ; Uno, Shinichiro ; Walsh, Thomas ; Watanabe, Shin ; Williams, Brian ; Wolfs, Rob ; Wright, Michael ; Yamada, Shinya ; Yamaguchi, Hiroya ; Yamaoka, Kazutaka ; Yamasaki, Noriko ; Yamauchi, Shigeo ; Yamauchi, Makoto ; Yanagase, Keiichi ; Yaqoob, Tahir ; Yasuda, Susumu ; Yoshioka, Nasa ; Zabala, Jaime ; Irina, Zhuravleva. / Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. editor / Shouleh Nikzad ; Jan-Willem A. Den Herder ; Kazuhiro Nakazawa. Vol. 10699 SPIE, 2018.
    @inproceedings{0e1e9661a9b74c83bf196ee68827f24b,
    title = "Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission",
    abstract = "The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,{"}Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy{"}.1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: {"}Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects{"}. To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.",
    keywords = "CCD, microcalorimeter, X-ray, X-ray Astronomy",
    author = "Makoto Tashiro and Hironori Maejima and Kenichi Toda and Richard Kelley and Lillian Reichenthal and James Lobell and Robert Petre and Matteo Guainazzi and Elisa Costantini and Mark Edison and Ryuichi Fujimoto and Martin Grim and Kiyoshi Hayashida and {Den Herder}, {Jan Willem} and Yoshitaka Ishisaki and St{\'e}phane Paltani and Kyoko Matsushita and Koji Mori and Gary Sneiderman and Yoh Takei and Yukikatsu Terada and Hiroshi Tomida and Hiroki Akamatsu and Lorella Angelini and Yoshitaka Arai and Hisamitsu Awaki and Lurli Babyk and Aya Bamba and Peter Barfknecht and Kim Barnstable and Thomas Bialas and Branimir Blagojevic and Joseph Bonafede and Clifford Brambora and Laura Brenneman and Greg Brown and Kimberly Brown and Laura Burns and Edgar Canavan and Tim Carnahan and Meng Chiao and Brian Comber and Lia Corrales and {De Vries}, Cor and Johannes Dercksen and Maria DIaz-Trigo and Tyrone DIllard and Michael DIpirro and Chris Done and Tadayasu Dotani and Ken Ebisawa and Megan Eckart and Teruaki Enoto and Yuichiro Ezoe and Carlo Ferrigno and Yutaka Fujita and Yasushi Fukazawa and Akihiro Furuzawa and Luigi Gallo and Steve Graham and Liyi Gu and Kohichi Hagino and Kenji Hamaguchi and Isamu Hatsukade and Dean Hawes and Takayuki Hayashi and Cailey Hegarty and Natalie Hell and Junko Hiraga and Edmund Hodges-Kluck and Matt Holland and Ann Hornschemeier and Akio Hoshino and Yuto Ichinohe and Ryo Iizuka and Kazunori Ishibashi and Manabu Ishida and Kumi Ishikawa and Kosei Ishimura and Bryan James and Timothy Kallman and Erin Kara and Satoru Katsuda and Steven Kenyon and Caroline Kilbourne and Mark Kimball and Takao Kitaguchi and Shunji Kitamoto and Shogo Kobayashi and Takayoshi Kohmura and Shu Koyama and Aya Kubota and Maurice Leutenegger and Tom Lockard and Mike Loewenstein and Yoshitomo Maeda and Lynette Marbley and Maxim Markevitch and Connor Martz and Hironori Matsumoto and Keiichi Matsuzaki and Dan McCammon and Brian McNamara and Joseph Miko and Eric Miller and Jon Miller and Kenji Minesugi and Ikuyuki Mitsuishi and Tsunefumi Mizuno and Hideyuki Mori and Koji Mukai and Hiroshi Murakami and Richard Mushotzky and Hiroshi Nakajima and Hideto Nakamura and Shinya Nakashima and Kazuhiro Nakazawa and Chikara Natsukari and Kenichiro Nigo and Yusuke Nishioka and Kumiko Nobukawa and Masayoshi Nobukawa and Hirofumi Noda and Hirokazu Odaka and Mina Ogawa and Takaya Ohashi and Masahiro Ohno and Masayuki Ohta and Takashi Okajima and Atsushi Okamoto and Michitaka Onizuka and Naomi Ota and Masanobu Ozaki and Paul Plucinsky and Porter, {F. Scott} and Katja Pottschmidt and Kosuke Sato and Rie Sato and Makoto Sawada and Hiromi Seta and Ken Shelton and Yasuko Shibano and Maki Shida and Megumi Shidatsu and Peter Shirron and Aurora Simionescu and Randall Smith and Kazunori Someya and Yang Soong and Yasuharu Suagawara and Andy Szymkowiak and Hiromitsu Takahashi and Toru Tamagawa and Takayuki Tamura and Takaaki Tanaka and Yuichi Terashima and Yohko Tsuboi and Masahiro Tsujimoto and Hiroshi Tsunemi and Takeshi Tsuru and Hiroyuki Uchida and Hideki Uchiyama and Yoshihiro Ueda and Shinichiro Uno and Thomas Walsh and Shin Watanabe and Brian Williams and Rob Wolfs and Michael Wright and Shinya Yamada and Hiroya Yamaguchi and Kazutaka Yamaoka and Noriko Yamasaki and Shigeo Yamauchi and Makoto Yamauchi and Keiichi Yanagase and Tahir Yaqoob and Susumu Yasuda and Nasa Yoshioka and Jaime Zabala and Zhuravleva Irina",
    year = "2018",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1117/12.2309455",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9781510619517",
    volume = "10699",
    editor = "Shouleh Nikzad and {Den Herder}, {Jan-Willem A.} and Kazuhiro Nakazawa",
    booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018",
    publisher = "SPIE",

    }

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission

    AU - Tashiro, Makoto

    AU - Maejima, Hironori

    AU - Toda, Kenichi

    AU - Kelley, Richard

    AU - Reichenthal, Lillian

    AU - Lobell, James

    AU - Petre, Robert

    AU - Guainazzi, Matteo

    AU - Costantini, Elisa

    AU - Edison, Mark

    AU - Fujimoto, Ryuichi

    AU - Grim, Martin

    AU - Hayashida, Kiyoshi

    AU - Den Herder, Jan Willem

    AU - Ishisaki, Yoshitaka

    AU - Paltani, Stéphane

    AU - Matsushita, Kyoko

    AU - Mori, Koji

    AU - Sneiderman, Gary

    AU - Takei, Yoh

    AU - Terada, Yukikatsu

    AU - Tomida, Hiroshi

    AU - Akamatsu, Hiroki

    AU - Angelini, Lorella

    AU - Arai, Yoshitaka

    AU - Awaki, Hisamitsu

    AU - Babyk, Lurli

    AU - Bamba, Aya

    AU - Barfknecht, Peter

    AU - Barnstable, Kim

    AU - Bialas, Thomas

    AU - Blagojevic, Branimir

    AU - Bonafede, Joseph

    AU - Brambora, Clifford

    AU - Brenneman, Laura

    AU - Brown, Greg

    AU - Brown, Kimberly

    AU - Burns, Laura

    AU - Canavan, Edgar

    AU - Carnahan, Tim

    AU - Chiao, Meng

    AU - Comber, Brian

    AU - Corrales, Lia

    AU - De Vries, Cor

    AU - Dercksen, Johannes

    AU - DIaz-Trigo, Maria

    AU - DIllard, Tyrone

    AU - DIpirro, Michael

    AU - Done, Chris

    AU - Dotani, Tadayasu

    AU - Ebisawa, Ken

    AU - Eckart, Megan

    AU - Enoto, Teruaki

    AU - Ezoe, Yuichiro

    AU - Ferrigno, Carlo

    AU - Fujita, Yutaka

    AU - Fukazawa, Yasushi

    AU - Furuzawa, Akihiro

    AU - Gallo, Luigi

    AU - Graham, Steve

    AU - Gu, Liyi

    AU - Hagino, Kohichi

    AU - Hamaguchi, Kenji

    AU - Hatsukade, Isamu

    AU - Hawes, Dean

    AU - Hayashi, Takayuki

    AU - Hegarty, Cailey

    AU - Hell, Natalie

    AU - Hiraga, Junko

    AU - Hodges-Kluck, Edmund

    AU - Holland, Matt

    AU - Hornschemeier, Ann

    AU - Hoshino, Akio

    AU - Ichinohe, Yuto

    AU - Iizuka, Ryo

    AU - Ishibashi, Kazunori

    AU - Ishida, Manabu

    AU - Ishikawa, Kumi

    AU - Ishimura, Kosei

    AU - James, Bryan

    AU - Kallman, Timothy

    AU - Kara, Erin

    AU - Katsuda, Satoru

    AU - Kenyon, Steven

    AU - Kilbourne, Caroline

    AU - Kimball, Mark

    AU - Kitaguchi, Takao

    AU - Kitamoto, Shunji

    AU - Kobayashi, Shogo

    AU - Kohmura, Takayoshi

    AU - Koyama, Shu

    AU - Kubota, Aya

    AU - Leutenegger, Maurice

    AU - Lockard, Tom

    AU - Loewenstein, Mike

    AU - Maeda, Yoshitomo

    AU - Marbley, Lynette

    AU - Markevitch, Maxim

    AU - Martz, Connor

    AU - Matsumoto, Hironori

    AU - Matsuzaki, Keiichi

    AU - McCammon, Dan

    AU - McNamara, Brian

    AU - Miko, Joseph

    AU - Miller, Eric

    AU - Miller, Jon

    AU - Minesugi, Kenji

    AU - Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki

    AU - Mizuno, Tsunefumi

    AU - Mori, Hideyuki

    AU - Mukai, Koji

    AU - Murakami, Hiroshi

    AU - Mushotzky, Richard

    AU - Nakajima, Hiroshi

    AU - Nakamura, Hideto

    AU - Nakashima, Shinya

    AU - Nakazawa, Kazuhiro

    AU - Natsukari, Chikara

    AU - Nigo, Kenichiro

    AU - Nishioka, Yusuke

    AU - Nobukawa, Kumiko

    AU - Nobukawa, Masayoshi

    AU - Noda, Hirofumi

    AU - Odaka, Hirokazu

    AU - Ogawa, Mina

    AU - Ohashi, Takaya

    AU - Ohno, Masahiro

    AU - Ohta, Masayuki

    AU - Okajima, Takashi

    AU - Okamoto, Atsushi

    AU - Onizuka, Michitaka

    AU - Ota, Naomi

    AU - Ozaki, Masanobu

    AU - Plucinsky, Paul

    AU - Porter, F. Scott

    AU - Pottschmidt, Katja

    AU - Sato, Kosuke

    AU - Sato, Rie

    AU - Sawada, Makoto

    AU - Seta, Hiromi

    AU - Shelton, Ken

    AU - Shibano, Yasuko

    AU - Shida, Maki

    AU - Shidatsu, Megumi

    AU - Shirron, Peter

    AU - Simionescu, Aurora

    AU - Smith, Randall

    AU - Someya, Kazunori

    AU - Soong, Yang

    AU - Suagawara, Yasuharu

    AU - Szymkowiak, Andy

    AU - Takahashi, Hiromitsu

    AU - Tamagawa, Toru

    AU - Tamura, Takayuki

    AU - Tanaka, Takaaki

    AU - Terashima, Yuichi

    AU - Tsuboi, Yohko

    AU - Tsujimoto, Masahiro

    AU - Tsunemi, Hiroshi

    AU - Tsuru, Takeshi

    AU - Uchida, Hiroyuki

    AU - Uchiyama, Hideki

    AU - Ueda, Yoshihiro

    AU - Uno, Shinichiro

    AU - Walsh, Thomas

    AU - Watanabe, Shin

    AU - Williams, Brian

    AU - Wolfs, Rob

    AU - Wright, Michael

    AU - Yamada, Shinya

    AU - Yamaguchi, Hiroya

    AU - Yamaoka, Kazutaka

    AU - Yamasaki, Noriko

    AU - Yamauchi, Shigeo

    AU - Yamauchi, Makoto

    AU - Yanagase, Keiichi

    AU - Yaqoob, Tahir

    AU - Yasuda, Susumu

    AU - Yoshioka, Nasa

    AU - Zabala, Jaime

    AU - Irina, Zhuravleva

    PY - 2018/1/1

    Y1 - 2018/1/1

    N2 - The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,"Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy".1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: "Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects". To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.

    AB - The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,"Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy".1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: "Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects". To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.

    KW - CCD

    KW - microcalorimeter

    KW - X-ray

    KW - X-ray Astronomy

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051857277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051857277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1117/12.2309455

    DO - 10.1117/12.2309455

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SN - 9781510619517

    VL - 10699

    BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018

    A2 - Nikzad, Shouleh

    A2 - Den Herder, Jan-Willem A.

    A2 - Nakazawa, Kazuhiro

    PB - SPIE

    ER -