Confirmation of the Epeak src-Eiso (Amati) relation from the X-ray flash XRF 050416A observed by the Swift burst alert telescope

T. Sakamoto, L. Barbier, S. D. Barthelmy, J. R. Cummings, E. E. Fenimore, N. Gehrels, D. Hullinger, H. A. Krimm, C. B. Markwardt, D. M. Palmer, A. M. Parsons, G. Sato, J. Tueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) observations of the X-ray flash (XRF) XRF 050416A. The fluence ratio between the 15-25 and 25-50 keV energy bands of this event is 1.1, thus making it the softest gamma-ray burst (GRB) observed by BAT so far. The spectrum is well fitted by a Band function with Epeak obs of 15.0-2.7 +2.3 keV. Assuming the redshift of the host galaxy (z = 0.6535), the isotropic equivalent radiated energy Eiso and the peak energy at the GRB rest frame (Epeak src) of XRF 050416A are not only consistent with the correlation found by Amati et al. and extended to XRFs by Sakamoto et al. but also fill in the gap of this relation around the 30-80 keV range of E peak src. This result tightens the validity of the E peak src-Eiso relation from XRFs to GRBs. We also find that the jet break time estimated using the empirical relation between Epeak src and the collimation corrected energy E γ is inconsistent with the afterglow observation by the Swift X-Ray Telescope. This could be due to the extra external shock emission overlaid around the jet break time or to the nonexistence of a jet break feature for XRFs, which might be a further challenge for GRB jet emission models and XRF/GRB unification scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume636
Issue number2 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 10

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flash
bursts
gamma ray bursts
telescopes
X-ray fluorescence
x rays
energy
collimation
afterglows
energy bands
fluence
shock
galaxies

Keywords

  • Gamma rays: bursts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Sakamoto, T., Barbier, L., Barthelmy, S. D., Cummings, J. R., Fenimore, E. E., Gehrels, N., ... Tueller, J. (2006). Confirmation of the Epeak src-Eiso (Amati) relation from the X-ray flash XRF 050416A observed by the Swift burst alert telescope. Astrophysical Journal, 636(2 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/500261

Confirmation of the Epeak src-Eiso (Amati) relation from the X-ray flash XRF 050416A observed by the Swift burst alert telescope. / Sakamoto, T.; Barbier, L.; Barthelmy, S. D.; Cummings, J. R.; Fenimore, E. E.; Gehrels, N.; Hullinger, D.; Krimm, H. A.; Markwardt, C. B.; Palmer, D. M.; Parsons, A. M.; Sato, G.; Tueller, J.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 636, No. 2 II, 10.01.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakamoto, T, Barbier, L, Barthelmy, SD, Cummings, JR, Fenimore, EE, Gehrels, N, Hullinger, D, Krimm, HA, Markwardt, CB, Palmer, DM, Parsons, AM, Sato, G & Tueller, J 2006, 'Confirmation of the Epeak src-Eiso (Amati) relation from the X-ray flash XRF 050416A observed by the Swift burst alert telescope', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 636, no. 2 II. https://doi.org/10.1086/500261
Sakamoto, T. ; Barbier, L. ; Barthelmy, S. D. ; Cummings, J. R. ; Fenimore, E. E. ; Gehrels, N. ; Hullinger, D. ; Krimm, H. A. ; Markwardt, C. B. ; Palmer, D. M. ; Parsons, A. M. ; Sato, G. ; Tueller, J. / Confirmation of the Epeak src-Eiso (Amati) relation from the X-ray flash XRF 050416A observed by the Swift burst alert telescope. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 636, No. 2 II.
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AU - Barbier, L.

AU - Barthelmy, S. D.

AU - Cummings, J. R.

AU - Fenimore, E. E.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Hullinger, D.

AU - Krimm, H. A.

AU - Markwardt, C. B.

AU - Palmer, D. M.

AU - Parsons, A. M.

AU - Sato, G.

AU - Tueller, J.

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AB - We report Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) observations of the X-ray flash (XRF) XRF 050416A. The fluence ratio between the 15-25 and 25-50 keV energy bands of this event is 1.1, thus making it the softest gamma-ray burst (GRB) observed by BAT so far. The spectrum is well fitted by a Band function with Epeak obs of 15.0-2.7 +2.3 keV. Assuming the redshift of the host galaxy (z = 0.6535), the isotropic equivalent radiated energy Eiso and the peak energy at the GRB rest frame (Epeak src) of XRF 050416A are not only consistent with the correlation found by Amati et al. and extended to XRFs by Sakamoto et al. but also fill in the gap of this relation around the 30-80 keV range of E peak src. This result tightens the validity of the E peak src-Eiso relation from XRFs to GRBs. We also find that the jet break time estimated using the empirical relation between Epeak src and the collimation corrected energy E γ is inconsistent with the afterglow observation by the Swift X-Ray Telescope. This could be due to the extra external shock emission overlaid around the jet break time or to the nonexistence of a jet break feature for XRFs, which might be a further challenge for GRB jet emission models and XRF/GRB unification scenarios.

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