INTRODUCTION This chapter addresses education reform in conflict-affected settings and discusses the ways in which such reform can be influenced-and then elsewhere leveraged- by international organizations. In so doing, I will argue not only that conflict-affected settings are particularly susceptible to international influence, but, more broadly, that conflict affected settings can serve-indeed, have served-as an important “blind spot” where certain kinds of reforms are inscribed and then promoted by international organizations that must “sell” policies to sustain their raison d’être (Santos, 2007). In other words, education reform in these contexts-as “blind spots” that lack transparency and accountability-can at times be guided by and forged in the image of influential international actors, just as Naomi Klein (2007) has argued in relation to economic policy more generally in such situations. Importantly, I will suggest that these reform outcomes are likely to occur under particular conditions. In making this argument, I discuss a period of educational reform in El Salvador that spans the late 1980s to the mid 1990s, a time during which this country concluded its civil war and transitioned to democracy. More specifically, I discuss the development of the “Education with Community Participation” (EDUCO) program, which in the post-war period would not only serve as the basis for systemwide reform of the Salvadoran education sector, but would go on to become a widely promoted, recognized, and emulated policy. While the specifics of this approach to education governance will be discussed later, suffice to say here that it involved direct community management of local schools, including the ability to hire and fire teachers.
|Title of host publication||The Contested Role of Education in Conflict and Fragility|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences(all)