We report the synthesis and electropolymerization of a precursor polymer with a binary molecular composition of thiophene and carbazole electroactive groups to form ultrathin films of conjugated polymer networks (CPN) on flat indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates. In the past we have demonstrated the precursor polymer approach based on a single pendant electroactive group. In this work, we describe the interesting electrocopolymerization mechanism and properties of precursor polymers prepared with two different types of pendant electroactive groups (statistical copolymer) and compared behavior to their respective homopolymers. The presence of a smaller amount of carbazole induces the electropolymerization of the higher oxidation potential thiophene units via the reaction of a radical cation and a neutral molecule pathway. These electrochemically generated thin films gave unique optical, electrochemical, and morphological properties as a function of composition. The film properties were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), spectroelectrochemistry, EQCM, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry