Construction of highly ordered lamellar nanostructures through langmuir-blodgett deposition of molecularly thin titania nanosheets tens of micrometers wide and their excellent dielectric properties

Kosho Akatsuka, Masa Aki Haga, Yasuo Ebina, Minoru Osada, Katsutoshi Fukuda, Takayoshi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exfoliated unilamellar titania nanosheets of Ti0.87O2 with a lateral size of 10-30 μ-m were deposited layer-by-layer onto various substrates by Langmuir-Blodgett procedure to produce a highly ordered lamellar nanofilms. The nanosheets dispersed in an aqueous suspension containing quaternary ammonium ions as a supporting electrolyte floated spontaneously at the air/liquid interface, and they were successfully transferred onto the substrate after surface compression. Neat tiling of the nanosheets could be realized at an optimized surface pressure. The film thus obtained was exposed to UV light to turn the substrate surface hydrophilic, which was helpful for stable repetition of monolayer deposition. Layer-by-layer growth was confirmed by UV-visible absorption spectra, which showed progressive enhancement of an absorption band due to the nanosheet. Crosssectional transmission electron microscopy images visualized the ultrathin film homogeneously deposited on the substrate surface and a lamellar fringe of the layer-by-layer assembled nanosheets was clearly resolved at a higher magnification. X-ray diffraction data on the films showed sharp basal reflections up to the seventh order, and Williamson-Hall analysis of the pattern indicated that the film was coherent across the total thickness with respect to X-ray and that the lattice strain was extremely small. In addition, the first basal reflection was accompanied by small satellite peaks, which are accounted for by the Laue interference function. All these features clearly indicate the formation of a highly ordered lamellar nanostructure of the titania nanosheets comparable to artificial lattice films produced via modern vapor-phase deposition processes. The obtained films showed superior dielectric and insulating properties as a reflection of the highly organized film nanoarchitecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1097-1106
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May 26
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dielectric properties
  • Langmuir-Blodgett procedure
  • Layer-by-layer deposition
  • Multilayer film
  • Nanosheet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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