Construction of polarized slow-positron beams using a compact cyclotron

T. Kumita, M. Chiba, R. Hamatsu, M. Hirose, T. Hirose, H. Iijima, M. Irako, N. Kawasaki, Y. Kurihara, T. Matsumoto, H. Nakabushi, T. Omori, Y. Takeuchi, Masakazu Washio, J. Yang

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Abstract

We have constructed a polarized positron beam using positrons provided from the β+ decay of 27Si with the half-life of 4.1 s and the maximum β+ energy of 3.85 MeV. This isotope is produced via the 27Al(p, n)27Si reaction caused by proton irradiation using a compact proton cyclotron. The intensity of this beam is measured to be 5 × 105 e+/s for protons with the energy of 18 MeV and the current of 30 μA. A pair of Monte Carlo simulation programs has been developed to calculate depolarization of positrons in our beam channel. One program simulates spin motion of the positron under electric and magnetic fields, while the other simulates depolarization due to multiple Coulomb scattering in matter. Using these simulators, we designed a special polarimeter by means of magnetic quenching of ortho-positronium and measured a quenched lifetime of ortho-positronium under the magnetic field of 0.4, 2.5 and 4.0 kG leading to the average polarization of 33.4 ± 5.3%, which is consistent with the estimation based on the Monte Carlo simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume116
Publication statusPublished - 1997 May
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Depolarization
  • Ortho-like positronium
  • Polarimeter
  • Polarized beam
  • Positron beam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Kumita, T., Chiba, M., Hamatsu, R., Hirose, M., Hirose, T., Iijima, H., Irako, M., Kawasaki, N., Kurihara, Y., Matsumoto, T., Nakabushi, H., Omori, T., Takeuchi, Y., Washio, M., & Yang, J. (1997). Construction of polarized slow-positron beams using a compact cyclotron. Applied Surface Science, 116, 1-6.