Context-dependent cheating: Experimental evidence from 16 countries

David Pascual-Ezama, Toke R. Fosgaard, Juan Camilo Cardenas, Praveen Kujal, Robert Veszteg, Beatriz Gil-Gómez de Liaño, Brian Gunia, Doris Weichselbaumer, Katharina Hilken, Armenak Antinyan, Joyce Delnoij, Antonios Proestakis, Michael D. Tira, Yulius Pratomo, Tarek Jaber-López, Pablo Brañas-Garza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Policy makers use several international indices that characterize countries according to the quality of their institutions. However, no effort has been made to study how the honesty of citizens varies across countries. This paper explores the honesty among citizens across 16 countries with 1440 participants. We employ a very simple task where participants face a trade-off between the joy of eating a fine chocolate and the disutility of having a threatened self-concept because of lying. Despite the incentives to cheat, we find that individuals are mostly honest. Further, international indices that are indicative of institutional honesty are completely uncorrelated with citizens' honesty for our sample countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-386
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Corruption
  • Cultural differences
  • Honesty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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    Pascual-Ezama, D., Fosgaard, T. R., Cardenas, J. C., Kujal, P., Veszteg, R., Gil-Gómez de Liaño, B., Gunia, B., Weichselbaumer, D., Hilken, K., Antinyan, A., Delnoij, J., Proestakis, A., Tira, M. D., Pratomo, Y., Jaber-López, T., & Brañas-Garza, P. (2015). Context-dependent cheating: Experimental evidence from 16 countries. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 116, 379-386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2015.04.020