Contractile properties of thin (actin) filament-reconstituted muscle fibers

Shin'ichi Ishiwata, Takashi Funatsu, Hideaki Fujita

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Selective removal and reconstitution of the components of muscle fibers (fibrils) is a useful means of examining the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of the contractile apparatus. In addition, this approach is powerful for examining the structure-function relationship of a specific component of the contractile system. In previous studies, we have achieved the partial structural and functional reconstitution of thin filaments in the skeletal contractile apparatus and full reconstitution in the cardiac contractile apparatus. First, all thin filaments other than short fragments at the Z line were removed by treatment with plasma gelsolin, an actin filament-severing protein. Under these conditions, no active tension could be generated. By incorporating exogenous actin into these thin filament-free fibers, actin filaments were reconstituted by polymerization on the short actin fragments remaining at the Z line, and active tension, which was insensitive to Ca2+, was restored. The active tension after the reconstitution of thin filaments reached as high as 30% of the original level in skeletal muscle, while it reached 140% in cardiac muscle. The augmentation of tension in cardiac muscle is mainly attributable to the elongation of reconstituted filaments, longer than the average length of thin filaments in an intact muscle. These results indicate that a muscle contractile apparatus with a high order structure and function can be constructed by the self- assembly of constituent proteins. Recently, we applied this reconstitution system to the study of the mechanism of spontaneous oscillatory contraction (SPOC) in thin (actin) filament-reconstituted cardiac muscle fibers. As a result, we found that SPOC occurs even in regulatory protein-free actin filament-reconstituted fibers (Fujita and Ishiwata, manuscript submitted), although the SPOC conditions were slightly different from the standard SPOC conditions. This result strongly suggests that spontaneous oscillation is intrinsic to actomyosin motors. We here summarize the contractile properties of the reconstitution system.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)319-329
    Number of pages11
    JournalAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
    Volume453
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

    Fingerprint

    Actin Cytoskeleton
    Muscle
    Actins
    Muscles
    Myocardium
    Fibers
    Gelsolin
    Actomyosin
    Proteins
    Manuscripts
    Polymerization
    Skeletal Muscle
    Self assembly
    Elongation
    Plasmas

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

    Cite this

    Contractile properties of thin (actin) filament-reconstituted muscle fibers. / Ishiwata, Shin'ichi; Funatsu, Takashi; Fujita, Hideaki.

    In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Vol. 453, 1998, p. 319-329.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ishiwata, Shin'ichi ; Funatsu, Takashi ; Fujita, Hideaki. / Contractile properties of thin (actin) filament-reconstituted muscle fibers. In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 1998 ; Vol. 453. pp. 319-329.
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