Contribution of Homestead Forests to Rural Economy and Climate Change Mitigation

A Study from the Ecologically Critical Area of Cox’s Bazar—Teknaf Peninsula, Bangladesh

Tapan Kumar Nath, Nasim Aziz, Makoto Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Homestead forests in the Teknaf Peninsula ecologically critical area of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh have not been widely studied. This paper explores floristic diversity of homestead forests together with their contribution to the household economy and climate change mitigation. Data were collected from a survey of 140 households and a vegetation survey of 70 homesteads in three sites. Villagers allocated 70 % of their homestead area for homestead forestry and altogether 73 plant species were recorded from the study sites. The average density was 4,000 plants/ha. The above-ground biomass was estimated 235.45 Mg/ha, equivalent to 117.73 Mg C/ha. Villagers maintain sustainability of homestead forests by planting seedlings every year and thus ensure several diameter and height classes. Homestead forests contribute substantially to household income, provide fuelwood and timber for own consumption and sale, and protect villagers during cyclones. Homestead forests thus meet the conditions to be a clean development mechanism forestry project which would provide a win–win strategy for involving small-scale farmers in climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives, and biodiversity conservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalSmall-scale Forestry
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

home garden
rural economics
rural economy
Bangladesh
climate change
forestry
clean development mechanism
household surveys
fuelwood
household income
aboveground biomass
floristics
cyclone
sales
timber
households
climate change mitigation
sustainability
seedling
planting

Keywords

  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Household income
  • Plant diversity and structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry

Cite this

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abstract = "Homestead forests in the Teknaf Peninsula ecologically critical area of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh have not been widely studied. This paper explores floristic diversity of homestead forests together with their contribution to the household economy and climate change mitigation. Data were collected from a survey of 140 households and a vegetation survey of 70 homesteads in three sites. Villagers allocated 70 {\%} of their homestead area for homestead forestry and altogether 73 plant species were recorded from the study sites. The average density was 4,000 plants/ha. The above-ground biomass was estimated 235.45 Mg/ha, equivalent to 117.73 Mg C/ha. Villagers maintain sustainability of homestead forests by planting seedlings every year and thus ensure several diameter and height classes. Homestead forests contribute substantially to household income, provide fuelwood and timber for own consumption and sale, and protect villagers during cyclones. Homestead forests thus meet the conditions to be a clean development mechanism forestry project which would provide a win–win strategy for involving small-scale farmers in climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives, and biodiversity conservation.",
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