Control of texture in alumina by colloidal processing in a strong magnetic field

Tohru S. Suzuki, Tetsuo Uchikoshi, Yoshio Sakka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrical, mechanical and other properties of ceramic materials can be controlled by designing their microstructures. It had generally been difficult to utilize a magnetic field for tailoring the microstructure in feeble magnetic ceramics, such as Al2O3; however, the possibility of controlling the microstructure by a magnetic field occurred with the development of superconducting magnets. In this review paper, we introduce a novel processing for the microstructual design in ceramics by colloidal processing in a strong magnetic field and an electric field. We demonstrate that the textured alumina can be fabricated by slip casting in a strong magnetic field and the production of alumina/alumina laminar composites with different crystalline-oriented layers can be achieved by electrophoretic deposition in a strong magnetic field. In order to control the texture using a magnetic field, a good dispersion of powder in a suspension is necessary because a strong attractive force between the agglomerated particles prevents each particle in a suspension from rotating in the magnetic field. The degree of orientation depends on the processing factors, such as heating temperature, viscosity of suspension, etc. And the grain growth in Al2O3 matrix enhances crystallographic texture development. The bending strength of the laminar composite depended on the direction of the multilayered microstructure with alternate crystalline-oriented layers. Crack propagation and fracture mode depend on the direction of microstructure in the laminar composite with controlled crystalline orientation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-364
Number of pages9
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alumina
  • EPD
  • Grain growth
  • Laminar composite
  • Orientation
  • Slip casting
  • Texture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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