Controlling Violence by the Dominant Coalition: A Comparative Study of the Philippines (Mindanao) and Myanmar

Yuji Uesugi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter, limited access order (LAO) and open access order (OAO) are used as a conceptual framework for analyzing two peacebuilding cases in Southeast Asia: the Philippines (Mindanao) and Myanmar. The main hypothesis is that the national dominant coalition (NDC) relies on patron–client relationships between national elites and their counterparts in subsidiary communities to control violence in LAOs. The chapter examines the importance of the three key doorstep conditions—the rule of law for elites, perpetually lived organizations in the public and private spheres, and consolidated political control of the organizations with violent capacity—for establishing control of the violence within the territory in these two cases. The chapter suggests that violence is more likely to be controlled when national elites can find it to their advantage to limit violence and make sustained social interaction possible in order to preserve their privileges and vested interests. The two case studies also demonstrate that “rents” (material benefits that the elites use to forge a consensus or to maintain the coalition among them) are used to limit violence and to coordinate the interests of powerful individuals and organizations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Pages187-209
Number of pages23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
ISSN (Print)1759-3735
ISSN (Electronic)2752-857X

Keywords

  • Control of violence
  • Dominant coalitions
  • Limited access order
  • Mindanao
  • Myanmar
  • Open access order
  • Rents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Political Science and International Relations

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