Correlating backbone-to-backbone distance to ionic conductivity in amorphous polymerized ionic liquids

David Salas-De La Cruz, Matthew D. Green, Yuesheng Ye, Yossef A. Elabd, Timothy Edward Long, Karen I. Winey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The morphology and ionic conductivity of poly(1- n-alkyl-3- vinylimidazolium)-based homopolymers polymerized from ionic liquids were investigated as a function of the alkyl chain length and counterion type. In general, X-ray scattering showed three features: (i) backbone-to-backbone, (ii) anion-to-anion, and (iii) pendant-to-pendant characteristic distances. As the alkyl chain length increases, the backbone-tobackbone separation increases. As the size of counterion increases, the anion-to-anion scattering peak becomes apparent and its correlation length increases. The X-ray scattering features shift to lower angles as the temperature increases due to thermal expansion. The ionic conductivity results show that the glass transition temperature (T g) is a dominant, but not exclusive, parameter in determining ion transport. The Tg-independent ionic conductivity decreases as the backbone- to-backbone spacing increases. Further interpretation of the ionic conductivity using the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation enabled the correlation between polymer morphology and ionic conductivity, which highlights the importance of anion hoping between adjacent polymer backbones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-346
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
Ionic conductivity
Ionic liquids
ion currents
Anions
Negative ions
anions
liquids
X ray scattering
Chain length
Polymers
scattering
conductivity
polymers
Homopolymerization
glass transition temperature
Thermal expansion
thermal expansion
x rays
spacing

Keywords

  • Ionic conductivity
  • Ionic liquids
  • Morphology
  • Polymerized ionic liquids
  • SAXS
  • Structure
  • Structure- property relations
  • X-ray scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Correlating backbone-to-backbone distance to ionic conductivity in amorphous polymerized ionic liquids. / Salas-De La Cruz, David; Green, Matthew D.; Ye, Yuesheng; Elabd, Yossef A.; Long, Timothy Edward; Winey, Karen I.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 50, No. 5, 01.12.2012, p. 338-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salas-De La Cruz, David ; Green, Matthew D. ; Ye, Yuesheng ; Elabd, Yossef A. ; Long, Timothy Edward ; Winey, Karen I. / Correlating backbone-to-backbone distance to ionic conductivity in amorphous polymerized ionic liquids. In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics. 2012 ; Vol. 50, No. 5. pp. 338-346.
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