Corrosion behavior of prestressing steel in a solution of 20% ammonium thiocyanate

Mikiyuki Ichiba, Keisuke Abe, Jun'ichi Sakai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    1400-MPa class high-strength PC wires are used for pre-stressed concrete structures. One of trusted hydrogen embrittlement tests for steel is a testing method that is provided in the FIP Report1 and defined in JSCE S 12013 for a test procedure. This test includes a constant load test in a 20% NH4SCN at 50°C for up to 200 hours to measure the rupture time. The test examined corrosion behavior in the early stage of the test when hydrogen concentration in steel would show a rapid increase. It was recognized that dissolved oxygen accelerated a corrosion reaction in pure oxygen atmosphere, but a 6-hour immersion test showed no notable difference in corrosion rate and corrosion potential in air and deaerated atmosphere. Polarization measurements suggested that a cathodic reaction independent of dissolved oxygen exerted a profound effect on a corrosion reaction. The analysis of corrosion products and iron ion led to a presumption that the iron-sulfide and iron oxide would precipitate concurrently in the early stage of immersion in 20% NH4SCN.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)244-250
    Number of pages7
    JournalZairyo to Kankyo/ Corrosion Engineering
    Volume64
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    Prestressing
    Steel
    Corrosion
    Dissolved oxygen
    Iron
    Hydrogen embrittlement
    Prestressed concrete
    Sulfides
    Corrosion rate
    Iron oxides
    Concrete construction
    Precipitates
    Hydrogen
    thiocyanic acid
    Wire
    Ions
    Polarization
    Oxygen
    Testing
    Air

    Keywords

    • Ammonium thiocyanate
    • Corrosion
    • FIP
    • Hydrogen embrittlement
    • JSCE S 1201
    • PC steel
    • Pre-stressed concrete

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrochemistry
    • Materials Chemistry
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

    Cite this

    Corrosion behavior of prestressing steel in a solution of 20% ammonium thiocyanate. / Ichiba, Mikiyuki; Abe, Keisuke; Sakai, Jun'ichi.

    In: Zairyo to Kankyo/ Corrosion Engineering, Vol. 64, No. 6, 2015, p. 244-250.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ichiba, Mikiyuki ; Abe, Keisuke ; Sakai, Jun'ichi. / Corrosion behavior of prestressing steel in a solution of 20% ammonium thiocyanate. In: Zairyo to Kankyo/ Corrosion Engineering. 2015 ; Vol. 64, No. 6. pp. 244-250.
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    abstract = "1400-MPa class high-strength PC wires are used for pre-stressed concrete structures. One of trusted hydrogen embrittlement tests for steel is a testing method that is provided in the FIP Report1 and defined in JSCE S 12013 for a test procedure. This test includes a constant load test in a 20{\%} NH4SCN at 50°C for up to 200 hours to measure the rupture time. The test examined corrosion behavior in the early stage of the test when hydrogen concentration in steel would show a rapid increase. It was recognized that dissolved oxygen accelerated a corrosion reaction in pure oxygen atmosphere, but a 6-hour immersion test showed no notable difference in corrosion rate and corrosion potential in air and deaerated atmosphere. Polarization measurements suggested that a cathodic reaction independent of dissolved oxygen exerted a profound effect on a corrosion reaction. The analysis of corrosion products and iron ion led to a presumption that the iron-sulfide and iron oxide would precipitate concurrently in the early stage of immersion in 20{\%} NH4SCN.",
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