Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment

M. Amenomori, X. J. Bi, D. Chen, S. W. Cui, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, X. H. Ding, C. Fan, C. F. Feng, Zhaoyang Feng, Z. Y. Feng, X. Y. Gao, Q. X. Geng, Q. B. Gou, H. W. Guo, H. H. He, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Haibing HuH. B. Hu, J. Huang, Q. Huang, H. Y. Jia, L. Jiang, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, K. Kawata, Labaciren, G. M. Le, A. F. Li, H. C. Li, J. Y. Li, C. Liu, Y. Q. Lou, H. Lu, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, K. Munakata, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, Shunsuke Ozawa, T. Saito, T. Y. Saito, M. Sakata, T. K. Sako, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, M. Takita, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, H. Tsuchiya, S. Udo, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. G. Wang, H. R. Wu, L. Xue, Y. Yamamoto, C. T. Yan, X. C. Yang, S. Yasue, Z. H. Ye, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Yi Zhang, Ying Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, X. X. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The energy spectrum of cosmic rays around the knee measured by Tibet air-shower experiment is summarized and its characteristic features are discussed under two possible scenarios. The result of Tibet experiment measured over wide range of 1014-1017 eV with high statistics provided details of the knee at the energy around 4×1015 eV. The study of the chemical composition based on measurements of proton and helium spectra obtained from air-shower core detection indicates the dominance of heavy nuclei around the knee. Such feature can be explained either by contribution of nearby sources with source composition dominated by heavy nuclei or by nonlinear effect in diffusive shock acceleration mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Amenomori, M., Bi, X. J., Chen, D., Cui, S. W., Danzengluobu, Ding, L. K., Ding, X. H., Fan, C., Feng, C. F., Feng, Z., Feng, Z. Y., Gao, X. Y., Geng, Q. X., Gou, Q. B., Guo, H. W., He, H. H., He, M., Hibino, K., Hotta, N., ... Zhou, X. X. (2011). Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment. Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions, 7(1), 15-20. https://doi.org/10.5194/astra-7-15-2011