Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment

M. Amenomori, X. J. Bi, D. Chen, S. W. Cui, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, X. H. Ding, C. Fan, C. F. Feng, Zhaoyang Feng, Z. Y. Feng, X. Y. Gao, Q. X. Geng, Q. B. Gou, H. W. Guo, H. H. He, M. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Haibing Hu & 64 others H. B. Hu, J. Huang, Q. Huang, H. Y. Jia, L. Jiang, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, K. Kawata, Labaciren, G. M. Le, A. F. Li, H. C. Li, J. Y. Li, C. Liu, Y. Q. Lou, H. Lu, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, J. Mu, K. Munakata, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, Shunsuke Ozawa, T. Saito, T. Y. Saito, M. Sakata, T. K. Sako, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, M. Takita, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, H. Tsuchiya, S. Udo, B. Wang, H. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. G. Wang, H. R. Wu, L. Xue, Y. Yamamoto, C. T. Yan, X. C. Yang, S. Yasue, Z. H. Ye, G. C. Yu, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, N. J. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Yi Zhang, Ying Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, X. X. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The energy spectrum of cosmic rays around the knee measured by Tibet air-shower experiment is summarized and its characteristic features are discussed under two possible scenarios. The result of Tibet experiment measured over wide range of 1014-1017 eV with high statistics provided details of the knee at the energy around 4×1015 eV. The study of the chemical composition based on measurements of proton and helium spectra obtained from air-shower core detection indicates the dominance of heavy nuclei around the knee. Such feature can be explained either by contribution of nearby sources with source composition dominated by heavy nuclei or by nonlinear effect in diffusive shock acceleration mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Tibet
cosmic ray showers
heavy nuclei
cosmic rays
energy spectra
chemical composition
shock
helium
statistics
protons
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Bi, X. J., Chen, D., Cui, S. W., Danzengluobu, Ding, L. K., ... Zhou, X. X. (2011). Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment. Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions, 7(1), 15-20. https://doi.org/10.5194/astra-7-15-2011

Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment. / Amenomori, M.; Bi, X. J.; Chen, D.; Cui, S. W.; Danzengluobu; Ding, L. K.; Ding, X. H.; Fan, C.; Feng, C. F.; Feng, Zhaoyang; Feng, Z. Y.; Gao, X. Y.; Geng, Q. X.; Gou, Q. B.; Guo, H. W.; He, H. H.; He, M.; Hibino, K.; Hotta, N.; Hu, Haibing; Hu, H. B.; Huang, J.; Huang, Q.; Jia, H. Y.; Jiang, L.; Kajino, F.; Kasahara, K.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawata, K.; Labaciren; Le, G. M.; Li, A. F.; Li, H. C.; Li, J. Y.; Liu, C.; Lou, Y. Q.; Lu, H.; Meng, X. R.; Mizutani, K.; Mu, J.; Munakata, K.; Nanjo, H.; Nishizawa, M.; Ohnishi, M.; Ohta, I.; Ozawa, Shunsuke; Saito, T.; Saito, T. Y.; Sakata, M.; Sako, T. K.; Shibata, M.; Shiomi, A.; Shirai, T.; Sugimoto, H.; Takita, M.; Tan, Y. H.; Tateyama, N.; Torii, Shoji; Tsuchiya, H.; Udo, S.; Wang, B.; Wang, H.; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y. G.; Wu, H. R.; Xue, L.; Yamamoto, Y.; Yan, C. T.; Yang, X. C.; Yasue, S.; Ye, Z. H.; Yu, G. C.; Yuan, A. F.; Yuda, T.; Zhang, H. M.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, N. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Ying; Zhaxisangzhu; Zhou, X. X.

In: Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2011, p. 15-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amenomori, M, Bi, XJ, Chen, D, Cui, SW, Danzengluobu, Ding, LK, Ding, XH, Fan, C, Feng, CF, Feng, Z, Feng, ZY, Gao, XY, Geng, QX, Gou, QB, Guo, HW, He, HH, He, M, Hibino, K, Hotta, N, Hu, H, Hu, HB, Huang, J, Huang, Q, Jia, HY, Jiang, L, Kajino, F, Kasahara, K, Katayose, Y, Kato, C, Kawata, K, Labaciren, Le, GM, Li, AF, Li, HC, Li, JY, Liu, C, Lou, YQ, Lu, H, Meng, XR, Mizutani, K, Mu, J, Munakata, K, Nanjo, H, Nishizawa, M, Ohnishi, M, Ohta, I, Ozawa, S, Saito, T, Saito, TY, Sakata, M, Sako, TK, Shibata, M, Shiomi, A, Shirai, T, Sugimoto, H, Takita, M, Tan, YH, Tateyama, N, Torii, S, Tsuchiya, H, Udo, S, Wang, B, Wang, H, Wang, Y, Wang, YG, Wu, HR, Xue, L, Yamamoto, Y, Yan, CT, Yang, XC, Yasue, S, Ye, ZH, Yu, GC, Yuan, AF, Yuda, T, Zhang, HM, Zhang, JL, Zhang, NJ, Zhang, XY, Zhang, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhaxisangzhu & Zhou, XX 2011, 'Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment', Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 15-20. https://doi.org/10.5194/astra-7-15-2011
Amenomori, M. ; Bi, X. J. ; Chen, D. ; Cui, S. W. ; Danzengluobu ; Ding, L. K. ; Ding, X. H. ; Fan, C. ; Feng, C. F. ; Feng, Zhaoyang ; Feng, Z. Y. ; Gao, X. Y. ; Geng, Q. X. ; Gou, Q. B. ; Guo, H. W. ; He, H. H. ; He, M. ; Hibino, K. ; Hotta, N. ; Hu, Haibing ; Hu, H. B. ; Huang, J. ; Huang, Q. ; Jia, H. Y. ; Jiang, L. ; Kajino, F. ; Kasahara, K. ; Katayose, Y. ; Kato, C. ; Kawata, K. ; Labaciren ; Le, G. M. ; Li, A. F. ; Li, H. C. ; Li, J. Y. ; Liu, C. ; Lou, Y. Q. ; Lu, H. ; Meng, X. R. ; Mizutani, K. ; Mu, J. ; Munakata, K. ; Nanjo, H. ; Nishizawa, M. ; Ohnishi, M. ; Ohta, I. ; Ozawa, Shunsuke ; Saito, T. ; Saito, T. Y. ; Sakata, M. ; Sako, T. K. ; Shibata, M. ; Shiomi, A. ; Shirai, T. ; Sugimoto, H. ; Takita, M. ; Tan, Y. H. ; Tateyama, N. ; Torii, Shoji ; Tsuchiya, H. ; Udo, S. ; Wang, B. ; Wang, H. ; Wang, Y. ; Wang, Y. G. ; Wu, H. R. ; Xue, L. ; Yamamoto, Y. ; Yan, C. T. ; Yang, X. C. ; Yasue, S. ; Ye, Z. H. ; Yu, G. C. ; Yuan, A. F. ; Yuda, T. ; Zhang, H. M. ; Zhang, J. L. ; Zhang, N. J. ; Zhang, X. Y. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zhang, Yi ; Zhang, Ying ; Zhaxisangzhu ; Zhou, X. X. / Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment. In: Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. 2011 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 15-20.
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abstract = "The energy spectrum of cosmic rays around the knee measured by Tibet air-shower experiment is summarized and its characteristic features are discussed under two possible scenarios. The result of Tibet experiment measured over wide range of 1014-1017 eV with high statistics provided details of the knee at the energy around 4×1015 eV. The study of the chemical composition based on measurements of proton and helium spectra obtained from air-shower core detection indicates the dominance of heavy nuclei around the knee. Such feature can be explained either by contribution of nearby sources with source composition dominated by heavy nuclei or by nonlinear effect in diffusive shock acceleration mechanism.",
author = "M. Amenomori and Bi, {X. J.} and D. Chen and Cui, {S. W.} and Danzengluobu and Ding, {L. K.} and Ding, {X. H.} and C. Fan and Feng, {C. F.} and Zhaoyang Feng and Feng, {Z. Y.} and Gao, {X. Y.} and Geng, {Q. X.} and Gou, {Q. B.} and Guo, {H. W.} and He, {H. H.} and M. He and K. Hibino and N. Hotta and Haibing Hu and Hu, {H. B.} and J. Huang and Q. Huang and Jia, {H. Y.} and L. Jiang and F. Kajino and K. Kasahara and Y. Katayose and C. Kato and K. Kawata and Labaciren and Le, {G. M.} and Li, {A. F.} and Li, {H. C.} and Li, {J. Y.} and C. Liu and Lou, {Y. Q.} and H. Lu and Meng, {X. R.} and K. Mizutani and J. Mu and K. Munakata and H. Nanjo and M. Nishizawa and M. Ohnishi and I. Ohta and Shunsuke Ozawa and T. Saito and Saito, {T. Y.} and M. Sakata and Sako, {T. K.} and M. Shibata and A. Shiomi and T. Shirai and H. Sugimoto and M. Takita and Tan, {Y. H.} and N. Tateyama and Shoji Torii and H. Tsuchiya and S. Udo and B. Wang and H. Wang and Y. Wang and Wang, {Y. G.} and Wu, {H. R.} and L. Xue and Y. Yamamoto and Yan, {C. T.} and Yang, {X. C.} and S. Yasue and Ye, {Z. H.} and Yu, {G. C.} and Yuan, {A. F.} and T. Yuda and Zhang, {H. M.} and Zhang, {J. L.} and Zhang, {N. J.} and Zhang, {X. Y.} and Y. Zhang and Yi Zhang and Ying Zhang and Zhaxisangzhu and Zhou, {X. X.}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Cosmic-ray energy spectrum around the knee observed with the Tibet air-shower experiment

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Bi, X. J.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Cui, S. W.

AU - Danzengluobu,

AU - Ding, L. K.

AU - Ding, X. H.

AU - Fan, C.

AU - Feng, C. F.

AU - Feng, Zhaoyang

AU - Feng, Z. Y.

AU - Gao, X. Y.

AU - Geng, Q. X.

AU - Gou, Q. B.

AU - Guo, H. W.

AU - He, H. H.

AU - He, M.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Hu, Haibing

AU - Hu, H. B.

AU - Huang, J.

AU - Huang, Q.

AU - Jia, H. Y.

AU - Jiang, L.

AU - Kajino, F.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kato, C.

AU - Kawata, K.

AU - Labaciren,

AU - Le, G. M.

AU - Li, A. F.

AU - Li, H. C.

AU - Li, J. Y.

AU - Liu, C.

AU - Lou, Y. Q.

AU - Lu, H.

AU - Meng, X. R.

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Mu, J.

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Nishizawa, M.

AU - Ohnishi, M.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Ozawa, Shunsuke

AU - Saito, T.

AU - Saito, T. Y.

AU - Sakata, M.

AU - Sako, T. K.

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Shirai, T.

AU - Sugimoto, H.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tan, Y. H.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Tsuchiya, H.

AU - Udo, S.

AU - Wang, B.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wang, Y.

AU - Wang, Y. G.

AU - Wu, H. R.

AU - Xue, L.

AU - Yamamoto, Y.

AU - Yan, C. T.

AU - Yang, X. C.

AU - Yasue, S.

AU - Ye, Z. H.

AU - Yu, G. C.

AU - Yuan, A. F.

AU - Yuda, T.

AU - Zhang, H. M.

AU - Zhang, J. L.

AU - Zhang, N. J.

AU - Zhang, X. Y.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zhang, Yi

AU - Zhang, Ying

AU - Zhaxisangzhu,

AU - Zhou, X. X.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The energy spectrum of cosmic rays around the knee measured by Tibet air-shower experiment is summarized and its characteristic features are discussed under two possible scenarios. The result of Tibet experiment measured over wide range of 1014-1017 eV with high statistics provided details of the knee at the energy around 4×1015 eV. The study of the chemical composition based on measurements of proton and helium spectra obtained from air-shower core detection indicates the dominance of heavy nuclei around the knee. Such feature can be explained either by contribution of nearby sources with source composition dominated by heavy nuclei or by nonlinear effect in diffusive shock acceleration mechanism.

AB - The energy spectrum of cosmic rays around the knee measured by Tibet air-shower experiment is summarized and its characteristic features are discussed under two possible scenarios. The result of Tibet experiment measured over wide range of 1014-1017 eV with high statistics provided details of the knee at the energy around 4×1015 eV. The study of the chemical composition based on measurements of proton and helium spectra obtained from air-shower core detection indicates the dominance of heavy nuclei around the knee. Such feature can be explained either by contribution of nearby sources with source composition dominated by heavy nuclei or by nonlinear effect in diffusive shock acceleration mechanism.

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U2 - 10.5194/astra-7-15-2011

DO - 10.5194/astra-7-15-2011

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 15

EP - 20

JO - Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions

JF - Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions

SN - 1810-6536

IS - 1

ER -