Cosmic X-Ray background and Earth albedo spectra with swift bat

M. Ajello, J. Greiner, G. Sato, D. R. Willis, G. Kanbach, A. W. Strong, R. Diehl, G. Hasinger, N. Gehrels, C. B. Markwardt, J. Tueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use Swift BAT Earth occultation data at different geomagnetic latitudes to derive a sensitive measurement of the cosmic X-ray background (CXB) and of the Earth albedo emission in the 15-200 keV band. We compare our CXB spectrum with recent (INTEGRAL, BeppoSAX) and past results (HEAO-1) and find good agreement. Using an independent measurement of the CXB spectrum we are able to confirm our results. This study shows that the BAT CXB spectrum has a normalization ̃8% ± 3% larger than the HEAO-1 measurement. The BAT accurate Earth albedo spectrum can be used to predict the level of photon background for satellites in low Earth and mid inclination orbits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-677
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume689
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 20

Fingerprint

Earth albedo
bats
albedo
bat
HEAO 1
x rays
geomagnetic latitude
occultation
inclination
orbits
photons

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Diffuse radiation
  • Earth
  • Galaxies: active
  • X-rays: diffuse background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ajello, M., Greiner, J., Sato, G., Willis, D. R., Kanbach, G., Strong, A. W., ... Tueller, J. (2008). Cosmic X-Ray background and Earth albedo spectra with swift bat. Astrophysical Journal, 689(2), 666-677. https://doi.org/10.1086/592595

Cosmic X-Ray background and Earth albedo spectra with swift bat. / Ajello, M.; Greiner, J.; Sato, G.; Willis, D. R.; Kanbach, G.; Strong, A. W.; Diehl, R.; Hasinger, G.; Gehrels, N.; Markwardt, C. B.; Tueller, J.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 689, No. 2, 20.12.2008, p. 666-677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ajello, M, Greiner, J, Sato, G, Willis, DR, Kanbach, G, Strong, AW, Diehl, R, Hasinger, G, Gehrels, N, Markwardt, CB & Tueller, J 2008, 'Cosmic X-Ray background and Earth albedo spectra with swift bat', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 689, no. 2, pp. 666-677. https://doi.org/10.1086/592595
Ajello M, Greiner J, Sato G, Willis DR, Kanbach G, Strong AW et al. Cosmic X-Ray background and Earth albedo spectra with swift bat. Astrophysical Journal. 2008 Dec 20;689(2):666-677. https://doi.org/10.1086/592595
Ajello, M. ; Greiner, J. ; Sato, G. ; Willis, D. R. ; Kanbach, G. ; Strong, A. W. ; Diehl, R. ; Hasinger, G. ; Gehrels, N. ; Markwardt, C. B. ; Tueller, J. / Cosmic X-Ray background and Earth albedo spectra with swift bat. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 689, No. 2. pp. 666-677.
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