Creating an acute energy deficit without stimulating compensatory increases in appetite: Is there an optimal exercise protocol?

Kevin Deighton*, David J. Stensel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed significant interest from both the scientific community and the media regarding the influence of exercise on subsequent appetite and energy intake responses. This review demonstrates a consensus among the majority of scientific investigations that an acute bout of land-based endurance exercise does not stimulate any compensatory increases in appetite and energy intake on the day of exercise. Alternatively, preliminary evidence suggests that low volume, supramaximal exercise may stimulate an increase in appetite perceptions during the subsequent hours. In accordance with the apparent insensitivity of energy intake to exercise in the short term, the daily energy balance response to exercise appears to be primarily determined by the energy cost of exercise. This finding supports the conclusions of recent training studies that the energy expenditure of exercise is the strongest predictor of fat loss during an exercise programme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Nutrition Society
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Compensation
  • Energy balance
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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