Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”

Gerard Saucier, Judith Kenner, Kathryn Iurino, Philippe Bou Malham, Zhuo Chen, Amber Gayle Thalmayer, Markus Kemmelmeier, William Tov, Rachid Boutti, Henok Metaferia, Banu Çankaya, Khairul Anwar Mastor, Kung Yu Hsu, Rongxian Wu, M. Maniruzzaman, Janvier Rugira, Ioannis Tsaousis, Oleg Sosnyuk, Jyoti Regmi Adhikary, Katarzyna Skrzypińska & 47 others Boonmee Poungpet, John Maltby, Maria Guadalupe C Salanga, Adriana Racca, Atsushi Oshio, Elsie Italia, Anastassiya Kovaleva, Masanobu Nakatsugawa, Fabia Morales-Vives, Victor M. Ruiz, Ricardo A. Braun Gutierrez, Anindita Sarkar, Tripti Deo, Lenah Sambu, Elizabeth Huisa Veria, Marilia Ferreira Dela Coleta, S. G. Kiama, Soraj Hongladoram, Robbin Derry, Héctor Zazueta Beltrán, T. K. Peng, Matthias Wilde, Fr Arul Ananda, Sarmila Banerjee, Mahmut Bayazit, Serenity Joo, Hong Zhang, Ekaterina Orel, Boris Bizumic, Seraphine Shen-Miller, Sean Watts, Marcos Emanoel Pereira, Ernesto Gore, Doug Wilson, Daniel Pope, Bekele Gutema, Hani Henry, Jovi Clemente Dacanay, Jerry Dixon, Nils Köbis, Jose Luque, Jackie Hood, Dipti Chakravorty, Ananda Mohan Pal, Laysee Ong, Angela Leung, Carlos Altschul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We know that there are cross-cultural differences in psychological variables, such as individualism/collectivism. But it has not been clear which of these variables show relatively the greatest differences. The Survey of World Views project operated from the premise that such issues are best addressed in a diverse sampling of countries representing a majority of the world’s population, with a very large range of item-content. Data were collected online from 8,883 individuals (almost entirely college students based on local publicizing efforts) in 33 countries that constitute more than two third of the world’s population, using items drawn from measures of nearly 50 variables. This report focuses on the broadest patterns evident in item data. The largest differences were not in those contents most frequently emphasized in cross-cultural psychology (e.g., values, social axioms, cultural tightness), but instead in contents involving religion, regularity-norm behaviors, family roles and living arrangements, and ethnonationalism. Content not often studied cross-culturally (e.g., materialism, Machiavellianism, isms dimensions, moral foundations) demonstrated moderate-magnitude differences. Further studies are needed to refine such conclusions, but indications are that cross-cultural psychology may benefit from casting a wider net in terms of the psychological variables of focus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-70
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 27

Fingerprint

cultural difference
Psychology
cultural psychology
world population
Machiavellianism
materialism
collectivism
Religion
life situation
individualism
regularity
Population
indication
Students
Surveys and Questionnaires
Values
student

Keywords

  • attitudes
  • beliefs
  • cultural psychology
  • ethnic identity
  • family/child rearing
  • gender/sex roles
  • personality
  • religion/morality
  • values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Saucier, G., Kenner, J., Iurino, K., Bou Malham, P., Chen, Z., Thalmayer, A. G., ... Altschul, C. (2015). Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46(1), 53-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114551791

Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”. / Saucier, Gerard; Kenner, Judith; Iurino, Kathryn; Bou Malham, Philippe; Chen, Zhuo; Thalmayer, Amber Gayle; Kemmelmeier, Markus; Tov, William; Boutti, Rachid; Metaferia, Henok; Çankaya, Banu; Mastor, Khairul Anwar; Hsu, Kung Yu; Wu, Rongxian; Maniruzzaman, M.; Rugira, Janvier; Tsaousis, Ioannis; Sosnyuk, Oleg; Regmi Adhikary, Jyoti; Skrzypińska, Katarzyna; Poungpet, Boonmee; Maltby, John; Salanga, Maria Guadalupe C; Racca, Adriana; Oshio, Atsushi; Italia, Elsie; Kovaleva, Anastassiya; Nakatsugawa, Masanobu; Morales-Vives, Fabia; Ruiz, Victor M.; Braun Gutierrez, Ricardo A.; Sarkar, Anindita; Deo, Tripti; Sambu, Lenah; Huisa Veria, Elizabeth; Ferreira Dela Coleta, Marilia; Kiama, S. G.; Hongladoram, Soraj; Derry, Robbin; Zazueta Beltrán, Héctor; Peng, T. K.; Wilde, Matthias; Ananda, Fr Arul; Banerjee, Sarmila; Bayazit, Mahmut; Joo, Serenity; Zhang, Hong; Orel, Ekaterina; Bizumic, Boris; Shen-Miller, Seraphine; Watts, Sean; Pereira, Marcos Emanoel; Gore, Ernesto; Wilson, Doug; Pope, Daniel; Gutema, Bekele; Henry, Hani; Dacanay, Jovi Clemente; Dixon, Jerry; Köbis, Nils; Luque, Jose; Hood, Jackie; Chakravorty, Dipti; Pal, Ananda Mohan; Ong, Laysee; Leung, Angela; Altschul, Carlos.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 46, No. 1, 27.01.2015, p. 53-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saucier, G, Kenner, J, Iurino, K, Bou Malham, P, Chen, Z, Thalmayer, AG, Kemmelmeier, M, Tov, W, Boutti, R, Metaferia, H, Çankaya, B, Mastor, KA, Hsu, KY, Wu, R, Maniruzzaman, M, Rugira, J, Tsaousis, I, Sosnyuk, O, Regmi Adhikary, J, Skrzypińska, K, Poungpet, B, Maltby, J, Salanga, MGC, Racca, A, Oshio, A, Italia, E, Kovaleva, A, Nakatsugawa, M, Morales-Vives, F, Ruiz, VM, Braun Gutierrez, RA, Sarkar, A, Deo, T, Sambu, L, Huisa Veria, E, Ferreira Dela Coleta, M, Kiama, SG, Hongladoram, S, Derry, R, Zazueta Beltrán, H, Peng, TK, Wilde, M, Ananda, FA, Banerjee, S, Bayazit, M, Joo, S, Zhang, H, Orel, E, Bizumic, B, Shen-Miller, S, Watts, S, Pereira, ME, Gore, E, Wilson, D, Pope, D, Gutema, B, Henry, H, Dacanay, JC, Dixon, J, Köbis, N, Luque, J, Hood, J, Chakravorty, D, Pal, AM, Ong, L, Leung, A & Altschul, C 2015, 'Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 53-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114551791
Saucier G, Kenner J, Iurino K, Bou Malham P, Chen Z, Thalmayer AG et al. Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2015 Jan 27;46(1):53-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114551791
Saucier, Gerard ; Kenner, Judith ; Iurino, Kathryn ; Bou Malham, Philippe ; Chen, Zhuo ; Thalmayer, Amber Gayle ; Kemmelmeier, Markus ; Tov, William ; Boutti, Rachid ; Metaferia, Henok ; Çankaya, Banu ; Mastor, Khairul Anwar ; Hsu, Kung Yu ; Wu, Rongxian ; Maniruzzaman, M. ; Rugira, Janvier ; Tsaousis, Ioannis ; Sosnyuk, Oleg ; Regmi Adhikary, Jyoti ; Skrzypińska, Katarzyna ; Poungpet, Boonmee ; Maltby, John ; Salanga, Maria Guadalupe C ; Racca, Adriana ; Oshio, Atsushi ; Italia, Elsie ; Kovaleva, Anastassiya ; Nakatsugawa, Masanobu ; Morales-Vives, Fabia ; Ruiz, Victor M. ; Braun Gutierrez, Ricardo A. ; Sarkar, Anindita ; Deo, Tripti ; Sambu, Lenah ; Huisa Veria, Elizabeth ; Ferreira Dela Coleta, Marilia ; Kiama, S. G. ; Hongladoram, Soraj ; Derry, Robbin ; Zazueta Beltrán, Héctor ; Peng, T. K. ; Wilde, Matthias ; Ananda, Fr Arul ; Banerjee, Sarmila ; Bayazit, Mahmut ; Joo, Serenity ; Zhang, Hong ; Orel, Ekaterina ; Bizumic, Boris ; Shen-Miller, Seraphine ; Watts, Sean ; Pereira, Marcos Emanoel ; Gore, Ernesto ; Wilson, Doug ; Pope, Daniel ; Gutema, Bekele ; Henry, Hani ; Dacanay, Jovi Clemente ; Dixon, Jerry ; Köbis, Nils ; Luque, Jose ; Hood, Jackie ; Chakravorty, Dipti ; Pal, Ananda Mohan ; Ong, Laysee ; Leung, Angela ; Altschul, Carlos. / Cross-Cultural Differences in a Global “Survey of World Views”. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 46, No. 1. pp. 53-70.
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